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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome, affecting human infants and adolescents. Two main behavioural features are reported: (1). impaired attention and (2). an impulsive-hyperactive behavioural trait. The latter has been studied in a series of experiments, using the spontaneously hypertensive-rat (SHR) strain (which(More)
People are very likely to start psychoactive drug use during adolescence, an earlier onset being associated with a higher risk of developing addiction later in life. In experiment I, Pre- (postnatal day (pnd) 23-35), Mid- (pnd 36-48), or Post- (pnd 49-61) adolescent mice underwent a restricted-drinking period (2 h/day for 12 days), one bottle containing(More)
There is evidence for the existence of functional interactions between nicotine and cannabinoids and opioid compounds in adult experimental animals. However, there is scarce information about these relationships in young animals. In the present study we evaluated short and long-term effects of a subchronic nicotine treatment [0.4 mg/kg daily i.p. injections(More)
Several groups of brain receptors are involved in the mechanisms underlying the development of opiate addiction, but the interactions occurring between these neuroreceptors and the immune system, including potential autoimmune responses, remain poorly understood. We studied in rats the effects of repeated administration of different psychotropic drugs on(More)
Early life experiences have been shown to adjust cognitive abilities, stress reactivity, fear responses and immune activity in adult mammals of many species. However, whereas severe stressors have been generally associated with the emergence of hypothalamic pituitary adreno-cortical (HPA)-mediated pathology, mild neonatal stressful experiences have been(More)
We have monitored EEG spontaneous spiking activity and analyzed serum from rats with cobalt-induced epilepsy for the presence of autoreactive antibodies to alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) glutamate receptor subunits. The presence and the level of autoantibodies were assessed using immunoblot and ELISA with synthetic peptide(More)
Reelin is an extracellular matrix protein, secreted by GABAergic interneurons, that provides a signal for neural plasticity. A downregulation of reelin may be a factor to be considered in the study of major psychiatric disorders. The heterozygous reeler mouse model, thus, may be important to reveal those alterations in behavioral phenotype produced by(More)
The role of NMDA receptors in molecular mechanisms of neurotoxicity was investigated using rat models of global and focal cerebral ischemia. Expression of NR2A and NR2B receptor mRNAs up-regulated in cortex after 3 h of reperfusion following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). This effect was accompanied by an increase in NR2A and NR2B(More)
UNLABELLED Interest is rising for auto-immune contribution in neuro-psychiatry. We evaluated the auto-antibodies against dopamine transporter (DAT aAbs) in 61 children (46 ADHD who met DSM-IV-TR criteria, 15 healthy controls). METHODS ADHD patients were assigned, according to severity, either to a non-pharmacological therapy (NPT, N=32) or to a(More)
Levels of antibodies AB (AB) to S100B and S100B protein were studied in the blood serum of children with different severity and outcomes of traumatic brain injury (TBI) from the 1st to 15-75th days after TBI. Severity and outcomes were assessed using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). Patients were stratified by outcomes into the following groups: complete(More)