Oleg Borodin

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Lithium metal is an ideal battery anode. However, dendrite growth and limited Coulombic efficiency during cycling have prevented its practical application in rechargeable batteries. Herein, we report that the use of highly concentrated electrolytes composed of ether solvents and the lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide salt enables the high-rate cycling of a(More)
Isothermal compression of poly (dimethylsiloxane), 1,4-poly(butadiene), and a model Estane (in both pure form and a nitroplasticized composition similar to PBX-9501 binder) at pressures up to 100 kbars has been studied using atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Comparison of predicted compression, bulk modulus, and U(s)-u(p) behavior with(More)
Lithium-ion batteries raise safety, environmental, and cost concerns, which mostly arise from their nonaqueous electrolytes. The use of aqueous alternatives is limited by their narrow electrochemical stability window (1.23 volts), which sets an intrinsic limit on the practical voltage and energy output. We report a highly concentrated aqueous electrolyte(More)
We have conducted a high-level quantum chemistry study of the interactions of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) with water for complexes representing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic hydration. It was found that our previous quantum chemistry-based force field for poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and its oligomers in aqueous solution did a poor job in describing the(More)
Since their introduction into the commercial marketplace in 1991, lithium ion batteries have become increasingly ubiquitous in portable technology. Nevertheless, improvements to existing battery technology are necessary to expand their utility for larger-scale applications, such as electric vehicles. Advances may be realized from improvements to the liquid(More)
We have carried out extensive high-level quantum chemistry studies of the geometry, charge distribution, conformational energies, and hydrogen-bonding energies of model compounds for a family of Estane thermoplastic urethanes (TPUs). Upon the basis of these studies, we have parametrized a classical potential for use in atomistic simulations of Estane TPUs(More)
Quantum-chemistry-based many-body polarizable and two-body nonpolarizable atomic force fields were developed for alkyl nitrate liquids and pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) crystal. Bonding, bending, and torsional parameters, partial charges, and atomic polarizabilities for the polarizable force field were determined from gas-phase quantum chemistry(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations of polymer melts at flat and structured surfaces reveal that, for the former, slow dynamics and increased dynamic heterogeneity for an adsorbed polymer is due to densification of the polymer in a surface layer, while, for the latter, the energy topography of the surface plays the dominant role in determining dynamics of(More)
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