Oleg Bogachev

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Anemia due to chronic disease or chemotherapy often is ameliorated by erythropoietin (Epo). Present studies reveal that, unlike steady-state erythropoiesis, erythropoiesis during anemia depends sharply on an Epo receptor-phosphotyrosine-343-Stat5 signaling axis. In mice expressing a phosphotyrosine-null (PY-null) Epo receptor allele (EpoR-HM), severe and(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO's) actions on erythroblasts are ascribed largely to survival effects. Certain studies, however, point to EPO-regulated proliferation. To investigate this problem in a primary system, Kit(pos)CD71(high) erythroblasts were prepared from murine bone marrow, and were first used in the array-based discovery of EPO-modulated cell-cycle(More)
EPO functions primarily as an erythroblast survival factor, and its antiapoptotic actions have been proposed to involve predominantly PI3-kinase and BCL-X pathways. Presently, the nature of EPO-regulated survival genes has been investigated through transcriptome analyses of highly responsive, primary bone marrow erythroblasts. Two proapoptotic factors, Bim(More)
Epo's erythropoietic capacity is ascribed largely to its antiapoptotic actions. In part via gene profiling of bone marrow erythroblasts, Epo is now shown to selectively down-modulate the adhesion/migration factors chemokine receptor-4 (Cxcr4) and integrin alpha-4 (Itga4) and to up-modulate growth differentiation factor-3 (Gdf3), oncostatin-M (OncoM), and(More)
Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are critical regulators of the cardiovascular system that are currently viewed as possible therapeutic targets for the treatment of heart disease. Recent work demonstrates potent NP effects on cardiac electrophysiology, including in the sinoatrial node (SAN) and atria. NPs elicit their effects via three NP receptors (NPR-A, NPR-B(More)
Committed erythroid progenitor cells require exposure to erythropoietin (Epo) for their survival and for their quantitatively regulated transition to red blood cells. With regard to Epo signal transduction mechanisms, much has been learned from analyses in cell line models, fetal liver or spleen-derived primary erythroblasts and human CD34pos progenitor(More)
KEY POINTS Sinoatrial node (SAN) function declines with age; however, not all individuals age at the same rate and health status can vary from fit to frail. Frailty was quantified in young and aged mice using a non-invasive frailty index so that the impacts of age and frailty on heart rate and SAN function could be assessed. SAN function was impaired in(More)
Atherogenesis is a long-term process that involves inflammatory response coupled with metabolic dysfunction. Foam cell formation and macrophage inflammatory response are two key events in atherogenesis. Adipocyte enhancer-binding protein 1 (AEBP1) has been shown to impede macrophage cholesterol efflux, promoting foam cell formation, via peroxisome(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a hormone with numerous beneficial cardiovascular effects. Recently, a mutation in the ANP gene, which results in the generation of a mutant form of ANP (mANP), was identified and shown to cause atrial fibrillation in people. The mechanism(s) through which mANP causes atrial fibrillation is unknown. Our(More)
Disruption of mammary stromal-epithelial communication leads to aberrant mammary gland development and induces mammary tumorigenesis. Macrophages have been implicated in carcinogenesis primarily by creating an inflammatory microenvironment, which promotes growth of the adjacent epithelial cells. Adipocyte enhancer-binding protein 1 (AEBP1), a novel(More)