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Confocal laser-scanning and digital fluorescence imaging microscopy were used to quantify the mitochondrial autofluorescence changes of NAD(P)H and flavoproteins in unfixed saponin-permeabilized myofibers from mice quadriceps muscle tissue. Addition of mitochondrial substrates, ADP, or cyanide led to redox state changes of the mitochondrial NAD system.(More)
Reactive gliosis is a prominent morphological feature of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Because astrocytes express glutamate receptors, we examined changes in metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) 2/3, mGluR5 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in glial cells of the hippocampal regions in an experimental rat model of spontaneous seizures. Rats that(More)
Profilins are thought to be involved in the control of actin dynamics in eukaryotic cells. In accordance with this concept, profilin was found to be colocalized with the cortical microfilament webs in leading lamellae of locomoting and spreading fibroblasts. However, so far, there is little information on the distribution of profilin in other cell types. In(More)
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection that is endemic in many developing countries in the tropics and subtropics afflicting more than 207 million people primarily in rural areas. After malaria, it is the second most important parasitic infection in terms of socio-economic and public health. Investigation of the host-parasite interaction at the molecular(More)
Urinary tract infection (UTI) encompasses a variety of clinical syndromes ranging from mild to life-threatening conditions. As such, it represents an interesting model for the development of an analytically based scoring system of disease severity and/or host response. Here we test the feasibility of this concept using 1H NMR based metabolomics as the(More)
Metabolic profiling of biological samples is increasingly used to obtain more insight into the pathophysiology of diseases. For translational studies, biological samples from animal models are explored; however, the volume of these samples can be a limiting factor for metabolic profiling studies. For instance, only a few microliters of urine is often(More)
Gas Chromatography (GC)-Mass Spectrometry (MS) with Atmospheric Pressure (AP) interface was introduced more than 30 years ago but never became a mainstream technique, mainly because of technical difficulties and cost of instrumentation. A recently introduced multipurpose AP source created the opportunity to reconsider the importance of AP ionization for GC.(More)
With a development of the metabolomics field, complementary cross-platform approaches started to attract attention, as none of the contemporary analytical methods had the capacity to cover the entire space of the human metabolome. In the current manuscript, we have evaluated an online coupling of gas chromatography (GC)-mass spectrometry (MS) and flame(More)
In complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)-related dystonia, compelling evidence points to the involvement of the central nervous system, but the underpinning pathobiology is still unclear. Thus, to enable a hypothesis-free, unbiased view of the problem and to obtain new insight into the pathobiology of dystonia in CRPS, we applied an exploratory metabolomics(More)
Although GC-APCI-MS was developed more than 40 years ago this coupling is still far from being a routine technique. One of the reasons explaining the limited use of GC-APCI so far is the lack of spectral database which facilitates the identification of the compounds under study. The first application of a very recently developed GC-APCI database to identify(More)