Learn More
Confocal laser-scanning and digital fluorescence imaging microscopy were used to quantify the mitochondrial autofluorescence changes of NAD(P)H and flavoproteins in unfixed saponin-permeabilized myofibers from mice quadriceps muscle tissue. Addition of mitochondrial substrates, ADP, or cyanide led to redox state changes of the mitochondrial NAD system.(More)
We have analyzed the degree of functional similarity between birth and mammalian profilins, two members of the profilin family which show only a moderate sequence homology (22%) in living animal cells. The plant profilin, derived from birch pollen, was stably expressed in BHK-21 cells. Plant and endogenous profilin synthesis and cellular distribution were(More)
Profilins are thought to be involved in the control of actin dynamics in eukaryotic cells. In accordance with this concept, profilin was found to be colocalized with the cortical microfilament webs in leading lamellae of locomoting and spreading fibroblasts. However, so far, there is little information on the distribution of profilin in other cell types. In(More)
Reactive gliosis is a prominent morphological feature of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Because astrocytes express glutamate receptors, we examined changes in metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) 2/3, mGluR5 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in glial cells of the hippocampal regions in an experimental rat model of spontaneous seizures. Rats that(More)
The binding of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) to its specific receptor (uPAR) facilitates migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). However, the signaling cascade utilized by the urokinase receptor is only incompletely understood. We investigated intracellular uPA/uPAR signaling in human aortic VSMC from the cell membrane to the nucleus. uPA(More)
Urinary tract infection (UTI) encompasses a variety of clinical syndromes ranging from mild to life-threatening conditions. As such, it represents an interesting model for the development of an analytically based scoring system of disease severity and/or host response. Here we test the feasibility of this concept using 1H NMR based metabolomics as the(More)
Human synovial fluid (SF) provides nutrition and lubrication to the articular cartilage. Particularly in arthritic diseases, SF is extensively accumulating in the synovial junction. During the last decade lipids have attracted considerable attention as their role in the development and resolution of diseases became increasingly recognized. Here, we describe(More)
BACKGROUND Focal adhesion sites are cell-matrix contacts that are regulated by phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2)-dependent pathways. Vinculin is a major structural component of these sites and is thought to be engaged in multiple ligand interactions at the cytoplasmic face of these contacts. Cytoplasmic vinculin is considered to be inactive due(More)
BACKGROUND Urokinase (uPA) and the urokinase receptor (uPAR) form a multifunctional system capable of concurrently regulating pericellular proteolysis, cell-surface adhesion, and mitogenesis. The role of uPA and uPAR in directed proteolysis is well established and its function in cellular adhesiveness has recently been clarified by numerous studies. The(More)
Gas Chromatography (GC)-Mass Spectrometry (MS) with Atmospheric Pressure (AP) interface was introduced more than 30 years ago but never became a mainstream technique, mainly because of technical difficulties and cost of instrumentation. A recently introduced multipurpose AP source created the opportunity to reconsider the importance of AP ionization for GC.(More)