Oleg A Mayboroda

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BACKGROUND Focal adhesion sites are cell-matrix contacts that are regulated by phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2)-dependent pathways. Vinculin is a major structural component of these sites and is thought to be engaged in multiple ligand interactions at the cytoplasmic face of these contacts. Cytoplasmic vinculin is considered to be inactive due(More)
Reactive gliosis is a prominent morphological feature of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Because astrocytes express glutamate receptors, we examined changes in metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) 2/3, mGluR5 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in glial cells of the hippocampal regions in an experimental rat model of spontaneous seizures. Rats that(More)
Profilins are thought to be involved in the control of actin dynamics in eukaryotic cells. In accordance with this concept, profilin was found to be colocalized with the cortical microfilament webs in leading lamellae of locomoting and spreading fibroblasts. However, so far, there is little information on the distribution of profilin in other cell types. In(More)
Confocal laser-scanning and digital fluorescence imaging microscopy were used to quantify the mitochondrial autofluorescence changes of NAD(P)H and flavoproteins in unfixed saponin-permeabilized myofibers from mice quadriceps muscle tissue. Addition of mitochondrial substrates, ADP, or cyanide led to redox state changes of the mitochondrial NAD system.(More)
We have analyzed the degree of functional similarity between birth and mammalian profilins, two members of the profilin family which show only a moderate sequence homology (22%) in living animal cells. The plant profilin, derived from birch pollen, was stably expressed in BHK-21 cells. Plant and endogenous profilin synthesis and cellular distribution were(More)
BACKGROUND Urokinase (uPA) and the urokinase receptor (uPAR) form a multifunctional system capable of concurrently regulating pericellular proteolysis, cell-surface adhesion, and mitogenesis. The role of uPA and uPAR in directed proteolysis is well established and its function in cellular adhesiveness has recently been clarified by numerous studies. The(More)
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection that is endemic in many developing countries in the tropics and subtropics afflicting more than 207 million people primarily in rural areas. After malaria, it is the second most important parasitic infection in terms of socio-economic and public health. Investigation of the host-parasite interaction at the molecular(More)
The binding of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) to its specific receptor (uPAR) facilitates migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). However, the signaling cascade utilized by the urokinase receptor is only incompletely understood. We investigated intracellular uPA/uPAR signaling in human aortic VSMC from the cell membrane to the nucleus. uPA(More)
Endothelial cells demonstrate high urokinase expression and upregulation of urokinase receptors in response to vascular injury. Urokinase receptor binding facilitates endothelial cell migration into an arterial wound; however, the signaling cascade induced by the urokinase receptor in this cell type is incompletely understood. Because the Janus kinase(More)
Sheathless capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS), using a porous tip sprayer, is proposed for the first time for highly sensitive metabolic profiling of human urine. A representative metabolite mixture and human urine were used for evaluation of the sheathless CE-MS platform. For test compounds, relative standard deviations (RSDs) for(More)