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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease of the motor nervous system. We show using multielectrode array and patch-clamp recordings that hyperexcitability detected by clinical neurophysiological studies of ALS patients is recapitulated in induced pluripotent stem cell-derived motor neurons from ALS patients harboring(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) provide new prospects for studying human neurodevelopment and modeling neurological disease. In particular, iPSC-derived neural cells permit a direct comparison of disease-relevant molecular pathways in neurons and glia derived from patients and healthy individuals. A prerequisite(More)
Radial-glia-like neural stem (NS) cells may be derived from neural tissues or via differentiation of pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells. However, the mechanisms controlling NS cell propagation and differentiation are not yet fully understood. Here we investigated the roles of Sox2 and Pax6, transcription factors widely expressed in central nervous system(More)
Zika virus (ZIKV) can cross the placental barrier, resulting in infection of the fetal brain and neurological defects including microcephaly. The cellular tropism of ZIKV and the identity of attachment factors used by the virus to gain access to key cell types involved in pathogenesis are under intense investigation. Initial studies suggested that ZIKV(More)
The essential functions of polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) in development and gene silencing are thought to involve long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), but few specific lncRNAs that guide PRC1 activity are known. We screened for lncRNAs, which co-precipitate with PRC1 from chromatin and found candidates that impact polycomb group protein (PcG)-regulated(More)
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