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Cardio-pulmonary damage due to embolism is a feared complication of cemented hip arthroplasty and can be fatal. Embolic events result from an increased intramedullary pressure during cement and stem insertion and can lead to extrusion of bone-marrow elements into the circulation. To reduce embolism and at the same time achieve an ideal cement mantle, the(More)
The effects of 40 ml of prilocaine 1% compared to 30 ml prilocaine 1% added to 10 ml bupivacaine 0.5% and 20 ml prilocaine 1% added to 20 ml bupivacaine 0.5% after injection into the brachial plexus sheath were evaluated. In a prospective study, 90 patients who underwent surgery on the upper limb were randomly allocated to one of these three groups. In each(More)
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