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Twenty-nine high-risk preterm born children, from a cohort with cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurements in the first 2 d of life, were examined prospectively at the age of 5.5-7 y neurologically, neuropsychologically and by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They were compared to 57 control children in terms of neurology and neuropsychology. Abnormal MRI was(More)
The relationship of cerebral blood flow to acute changes in arterial carbon dioxide and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) was determined during the first day of life in 19 severely asphyxiated term infants supported by mechanical ventilation. For comparison, 12 infants without perinatal asphyxia were also investigated. Global cerebral blood flow (CBF(More)
Abnormal central dopamine (DA) neurotransmission has been implicated in the impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We hypothesized that a pharmacological challenge with methylphenidate (MP) at a therapeutic dose increases extracellular DA concentrations in proportion to the severity of these specific(More)
Carbon dioxide-induced changes in near infrared spectrophotometry recordings were compared with changes in cerebral blood flow estimated by 133Xenon clearance (global cerebral blood flow (infinity)) at serial measurements in 24 mechanically ventilated preterm infants (mean gestational age 30.2 wk). In all infants, three measurements were taken at different(More)
In a population-based study, 3021 women in a central Copenhagen district received a questionnaire on environmental and psychological factors during mid-gestation. Of these, 70 women were selected consecutively on the basis of moderate to severe stressful life-events (DSM-III-R categories 3 to 5), in combination with an inadequate social network. They were(More)
AIM To describe and analyse neonatal care, short and long-term morbidity with special reference to ventilatory support and chronic lung disease (CLD) in a population-based study. METHODS During 1994 and 1995 a prospective, nation-wide, multicentre study was conducted, comprising 477 liveborn infants with gestational age (GA) < 28 wk and/or birthweight <(More)
To determine if the use of oxygen in the delivery room influences subsequent global cerebral blood flow (CBF), 70 infants of gestational age of less than 33 completed weeks were randomly assigned to receive room air (group I) or 80% oxygen (group II) during the initial stabilisation at birth. In group I supplemental oxygen was administered on clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated the influence of psychosocial stress, maternal schooling, social support, psychological well-being, alcohol, and smoking on intrauterine growth retardation and premature delivery. METHODS At a Copenhagen university hospital, 2432 pregnant women completed a questionnaire on general health, psychosocial stressors, and(More)
Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), while largely thought to be a genetic disorder, has environmental factors that appear to contribute significantly to the aetiopathogenesis of the disorder. One such factor is pretern birth with vulnerable cerebrovascular homeostasis. We hypothesised that cerebral ischaemia at birth could contribute to(More)
A knowledge of neonatal cerebrovascular physiology is essential to the understanding of diseases that frequently affect the subsequent development of the newborn brain. Recent observations indicate that the cerebral vessels of the healthy newborn infant, even the very preterm, respond to physiological stimuli in the same manner as in the mature organism.(More)