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GBR 12909 selectively blocks dopamine uptake and its biochemical and pharmacological profiles suggest that it may possess antidepressant activity and be of value in treatment of Parkinson's disease. The tolerance, pharmacokinetics and influence on psychomotor performance of GBR 12909 were investigated in a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study.(More)
In a study of 18 patients with manic symptomatology and 31 patients with melancholic symptomatology the Bech-Rafaelsen Mania Scale (BRMS) and the Hamilton Depression Scale (HDS) have been compared. The results showed that the inter-observer reliability of the BRMS was adequate compared with the HDS. Both scales are constructed for assessing the severity of(More)
A group of 50 long-term lithium-treated outpatients were investigated with psychological examinations in order to study cognitive and emotional functions (memory, attention, speed, loss of effort, level of processing, productivity, and reactivity). The test results were compared with the general norms for the test applied. In average the test results were(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) in man was studied during various conditions using the indicator dilution method of Crone [8]. Using 113m In-DTPA as reference substance the extraction, E, of the small test substances 24Na+, 36Cl-, 14C-urea and 14C-thiourea was estimated from the areas under the venous outflow curves following intracarotid slug injection of(More)
A study of the clinical observations and the neuropathological findings in the brain of 16 juvenile diabetics dying of diabetic angiopathy after many years of diabetes is presented. A characteristic histological pattern was observed in all the cases consisting of diffuse degenerative abnormalities of the brain tissue, often with severe pseudocalcinosis or(More)
The effect of diazepam and barbital in the treatment of delirium tremens and other acute conditions related to alcohol abuse was evaluated in a double-blind trial. 91 patients participated in the study, 44 in the diazepam group, 47 in the barbital group. The choice of diazepam rather than chlordiazepoxide was motivated by its major anticonvulsive(More)
Mean adrenaline concentration in cerebrospinal fluid measured by a sensitive and specific isotope-derivative assay was significantly lower in 15 depressed patients during illness compared with 18 control subjects. At the time of recovery cerebrospinal adrenaline levels had increased markedly to normal levels. Cerebrospinal fluid noradrenaline did not differ(More)