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BACKGROUND & AIMS A system for screening of nutritional risk is described. It is based on the concept that nutritional support is indicated in patients who are severely ill with increased nutritional requirements, or who are severely undernourished, or who have certain degrees of severity of disease in combination with certain degrees of undernutrition.(More)
Patients with cirrhosis of the liver often complain of tiredness and a lack of strength at physical exercise. Other investigators have found that muscle strength, work capacity, and maximal oxygen consumption are reduced in cirrhosis. We hypothesized that mitochondrial maximal rate of ATP synthesis in skeletal muscle may be impaired in these patients. This(More)
Fructans are naturally occurring plant oligosaccharides with sweetening properties. Fructans (FAs) isolated from Jerusalem artichokes (Helianthus tuberosus) were studied with respect to intestinal handling and influence on blood glucose (BG), insulin, and C-peptide responses in eight healthy subjects. The responses were compared with those for fructose(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) normally circulates as a single, highly phosphorylated species. However, IGFBP-1 phosphorylation status can be altered, such as in pregnancy where non- and lesser phosphorylated isoforms are also present. We have examined how hormonal regulators of circulating IGFBP-1 influence its phosphorylation(More)
We investigated the inhibitory effect of insulin and glucose on hepatic amino- to urea-nitrogen conversion independent of endogenous insulin and glucagon secretion. Alanine-stimulated urea synthesis kinetics, as quantified by functional hepatic nitrogen clearance, i.e. the slope of the linear relation between blood alpha-amino nitrogen concentration and(More)
The separate effects of glucose and glucagon on alanine stimulated hepatic amino-N to urea-N conversion, quantified by the Functional Hepatic Nitrogen Clearance (FHNC) (i.e. the linear slope of the relation between urea synthesis rate and blood alpha-amino-N concentration), were studied in 7 healthy subjects. FHNC was measured four times in each: during(More)
Lactulose H2 breath tests are widely used for quantifying carbohydrate malabsorption, but the validity of the commonly used technique (interval sampling of H2 concentrations) has not been systematically investigated. In eight healthy adults we studied the reproducibility of the technique and the accuracy with which 5 g and 20 g doses of lactulose could be(More)
The effect of dietary fibre on starch absorption was investigated in 8 healthy subjects. Amounts of starch escaping small-bowel absorption was assessed by comparison of breath H2 excretion after test meals and after lactulose (10g). After ingestion of bread made from 100g of wheat flour increases in H2 excretion occurred in all subjects; the calculated(More)
The general appearance of 201 patients was assessed by a team of observers. Each patient was seen by two experienced physicians, two junior physicians and two medical students who stated whether the patients did not appear ill or whether the patient appeared acutely or chronically ill. The interobserver variation was considerable and the kappa-values ranged(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether changes in orocaecal transit time (OCTT) affect the magnitude of the breath hydrogen (H2) excretion after ingestion of unabsorbable carbohydrate. We studied eight healthy subjects by interval sampling of end expiratory H2 concentration for 12 hours after ingestion of: (1) 10 g lactulose (L); (2) 10 g L(More)