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IMPORTANCE Familial amyloid polyneuropathy, a lethal genetic disease caused by aggregation of variant transthyretin, induces progressive peripheral nerve deficits and disability. Diflunisal, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent, stabilizes transthyretin tetramers and prevents amyloid fibril formation in vitro. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of(More)
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a fatal autosomal dominant disorder. Progressive peripheral and autonomic neuropathy are associated with neural and visceral deposition of amyloid, derived most commonly from the Met-30 variant of the plasma protein transthyretin. We have reported previously that orthotopic liver transplantation causes prompt(More)
Hereditary transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis is a rare often fatal form of systemic amyloidosis, that until recently was considered intractable, with the patients dying from the disease 5-15 years after onset. The phenotype of the disease varies according to the type of mutation, but generally the heart and/or the nervous system is affected. Liver and in some(More)
BACKGROUND Transthyretin amyloidosis is caused by the deposition of hepatocyte-derived transthyretin amyloid in peripheral nerves and the heart. A therapeutic approach mediated by RNA interference (RNAi) could reduce the production of transthyretin. METHODS We identified a potent antitransthyretin small interfering RNA, which was encapsulated in two(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the evolution of nutritional and neurological complications in a Swedish population of patients with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, and to identify prognostic factors and useful tests for monitoring the progress of the disease. DESIGN Prospective and retrospective study of patients with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy. (More)
Liver transplantation (LTx) for familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) is an accepted treatment for this fatal disease. However, the long-term outcome with respect to that of nontransplanted patients has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term survival of Swedish LTx FAP patients with that of historical controls,(More)
BACKGROUND Transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis is a rare, life-threatening, systemic, autosomal dominant condition occurring in adults, with two main forms: hereditary (associated with TTR gene mutations) and wild-type. Studies indicate considerable heterogeneity in disease presentation, with predominantly polyneuropathic, predominantly cardiac, or mixed(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) familial amyloid polyneuropathies (FAP) are autosomal dominant devastating afflictions. They were first described in Portugal, later in Japan and Sweden and are now recognized worldwide. The TTR Val30Met mutation is the most common, and depending on the geographic origin, a wide variation in age at onset of the disease is observed. In(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) familial amyloid polyneuropathy is a severe autosomal dominant neuropathy of adulthood, frequently linked to the pathogenic Val30Met variant of the TTR gene. The condition was initially described in northern Portugal, which is the first focus of the disease. Other important clusters of families are found in Sweden, Japan and South(More)
Since 1990, liver transplantation for familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) has been carried out world-wide, and the outcome of the procedure seems to be promising. FAP is inherited systemic disease caused by mutated transthyretin. The most common cause is the valine to methionine substitution at position 30 (Met30). We have developed a scoring system(More)