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Mental health problems affect 10-20% of children and adolescents worldwide. Despite their relevance as a leading cause of health-related disability in this age group and their longlasting effects throughout life, the mental health needs of children and adolescents are neglected, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. In this report we review(More)
One hundred and sixty-two women were evaluated for psychiatric morbidity in the second trimester of pregnancy and also six to eight weeks postnatally. A sizeable proportion of the women also had a second prenatal assessment in their third trimester and in the lying-in ward shortly after giving birth. Assessments were conducted with the 28-item GHQ. This was(More)
Mental, neurological, and substance use (MNS) disorders are highly prevalent and are responsible for 14% of the global burden of disease expressed in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) [1]. The resources that have been provided in countries to tackle the huge burden are insufficient, inequitably distributed, and inefficiently used, which results in a(More)
BACKGROUND Children tend to lack knowledge of, and hold negative attitudes towards mental illness. However, most of the work undertaken in Nigeria has been done with adults. AIMS To establish the views and knowledge about mental health and illness in pupils at four secondary schools in rural and urban Southwest Nigeria. METHODS A cross-sectional survey(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) often starts in adolescence, but there are limited data on its prevalence. The specific aims of this study were to (1) describe the prevalence of PMDD in adolescents presenting to clinics in the midwestern United States and 2 Nigerian cities, (2) identify cultural differences, and (3) screen for(More)
BACKGROUND The proportion of children with psychiatric disorders treated in primary care is not known in most developing countries. METHOD In a two-stage epidemiological study, 990 children aged between 7 and 14 years were screened with the parents' version of the Rutter scale. Of these, a stratified sample of 227 was interviewed jointly with their(More)
This study assessed gender and rural/urban differences in height and weight, and the prevalence of stunting, underweight and overweight of school-going adolescents in south-west Nigeria, using 2007 WHO reference values for comparison. The influence of sexual maturity and the socio-demographic correlates of growth performance were also examined. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Despite being recognized by the World Health Organization as a significant social and health concern, information on suicidal behaviours in Nigerian adolescents is unknown. AIMS To establish the prevalence and associated psychosocial correlates of suicidal ideation and attempts in Nigerian youth. METHODS Stratified sampling was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the fact that about 10% of children experience mental health problems, they tend to hold negative views about mental illness. The objective of this study was to investigate the views of Nigerian schoolchildren towards individuals with mental illness or mental health problems. METHODS A cross-sectional design was used. Junior and senior(More)