Olav Haraldseth

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Very low birth weight (VLBW) children are at high risk of perinatal white matter injury, which, when subtle, may not be seen using conventional magnetic resonance imaging. The relationship between clinical findings and fractional anisotropy (FA) measurements in white matter of adolescents born prematurely with VLBW was studied in 34 subjects (age = 15(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) could be used as measures of cell density and necrotic fraction of tumors. Tumors of four human melanoma xenograft lines were subjected to diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI). ADCs were calculated from the images and related to cell density and necrotic(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the detection of choline-containing compounds in in vivo (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of breast lesions is specific for carcinomas, whether a choline peak in in vivo (1)H MRS can be detected under physiological conditions of increased metabolism in breast parenchyma, and whether analysis of(More)
Infants with low birth weight are at increased risk of perinatal brain injury. Disruption of normal cortical development may have consequences for later motor, behavioural and cognitive development. The aim of this study was to measure cerebral cortical thickness, area and volume with an automated MRI technique in 15-year-old adolescents who had low birth(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate manganese (Mn2+)-enhanced MRI in a longitudinal study of normal and injured rat visual projections. MATERIALS AND METHODS MRI was performed 24 hours after unilateral intravitreal injection of MnCl2 (150 nmol) into adult Fischer rats that were divided into four groups: 1) controls (N = 5), 2) dose-response (N = 10, 0.2-200 nmol), 3)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) or term born small for gestational age (SGA) adolescents have reduced regional brain volumes. We also asked which perinatal factors are related to reduced brain volume in VLBW adolescents, which regional brain volumes are associated with cognitive and perceptual functioning, and if these(More)
STUDY DESIGN A single-blinded, randomized treatment study with a follow-up period of 6 months. OBJECTIVE To study the long-term consequences of whiplash neck sprain injuries in patients treated with two different regimes during the first 14 days after the car accident. Patients in the first group were encouraged to act as usual, i.e., continue to engage(More)
OBJECTIVE This study sought to evaluate the ability of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to successfully identify functional cortical areas in patients with primary brain tumors, to evaluate the use of the fMRI results in presurgical planning, and to assess the functional outcome of the patients with respect to(More)
A rapid dynamic imaging sequence has been developed in which only the 32 phase encoding steps that encode low spatial frequencies are collected for each dynamic image. These are substituted into a previously acquired, 128 x 128 raw data set prior to image reconstruction. In this way the dynamic information is retained while the overall appearance is(More)
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy is associated with structural and functional abnormalities, such as hippocampal sclerosis and axonal reorganization. The temporal evolution of these changes remains to be determined, and there is a need for in vivo imaging techniques that can uncover the epileptogenic processes at an early stage. Manganese-enhanced magnetic(More)