Olav Engebraaten

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This work demonstrates the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in a highly infiltrative brain tumor model developed by simple inoculation of spheroids from five human glioma biopsy tissues directly into the brains of immunodeficient rats. Non-invasive tumors derived from one glioblastoma biopsy specimen and two glioma cell lines (D-54MG and(More)
BACKGROUND Increased concentrations of choline-containing compounds are frequently observed in breast carcinomas, and may serve as biomarkers for both diagnostic and treatment monitoring purposes. However, underlying mechanisms for the abnormal choline metabolism are poorly understood. METHODS The concentrations of choline-derived metabolites were(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to develop an improved animal model for brain tumor study. The need for better and more relevant brain tumor models is generally acknowledged. Glioma tissue can be cultured directly from the biopsy specimen as tumor spheroids. Using such precultured tissue, a new in vivo model for studying human gliomas was established. (More)
In patients with metastatic breast cancer, taxane treatment demonstrates activity but is not curative. Targeted treatment modalities are therefore necessary in order to improve outcomes in this group. A randomized placebo-controlled phase II trial was initiated to evaluate effect and toxicity of gefitinib (250 mg QD) and docetaxel 35 mg/m(2) (six of seven(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the predictive value of MRI parameters and tumour characteristics before neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and to compare changes in tumour size and tumour apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) during treatment, between patients who achieved pathological complete response (pCR) and those who did not. METHODS Approval by the Regional(More)
Dysregulated choline metabolism is a well-known feature of breast cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, the metabolomic and transcriptomic characteristics of a large panel of human breast cancer xenograft models were mapped, with focus on choline metabolism. Tumor specimens from 34 patient-derived xenograft models(More)
Mapatumumab and lexatumumab (targeting death receptor 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5), respectively) are agonistic TRAIL receptor antibodies that induce apoptosis in a wide range of cancer cells. The potency of mapatumumab and lexatumumab was assessed in mono therapy protocols, and the ability to sensitize for dacarbazine (DTIC) treatment was explored in ten different(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to target immunotoxin treatment to the high-molecular-weight melanoma-associated antigen (HMW-MAA) and thereby examine any changes in the survival of immunodeficient rats with human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS To target treatment specifically to human glioma cells, Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) was conjugated to(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical use of immunotoxins (ITs) has been hampered by hepatotoxicity, and the induction of a strong human-anti-IT response. The human-anti-IT response results in neutralisation of the immunoconjugates, rendering repetitive treatment inefficacious. METHODS We evaluated the combination of cyclosporin A (CsA) with various Pseudomonas(More)
Multicellular tumor spheroids were directly initiated in vitro from the biopsy specimens of a patient who is alive and who has had no neurological changes in 7 years after the gross removal of a glioblastoma. The spheroids were studied alone and in confrontation with aggregates of fetal rat brain tissue. Both in the biopsy and in the tumor spheroids, a very(More)