Olav Engebraaten

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The effects of 5 different growth factors [EGF, PDGF(bb), TGF-alpha, bFGF and IL-2] were studied on tumour spheroids obtained from 5 different human glioma cell lines (U-251MG, D-263MG, D-37MG, D-54MG, GaMG). The expression of EGF and PDGF receptors as well as the endogenous production of TGF-alpha and PDGF were studied by Northern blot analyses. After(More)
To explore the predictive value of MRI parameters and tumour characteristics before neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and to compare changes in tumour size and tumour apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) during treatment, between patients who achieved pathological complete response (pCR) and those who did not. Approval by the Regional Ethics Committee and(More)
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are a diverse and heterogeneous group of tumors that by definition lack estrogen and progesterone receptors and amplification of the HER2 gene. The majority of the tumors classified as TNBCs are highly malignant, and only a subgroup responds to conventional chemotherapy with a favorable prognosis. Results from decades(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to develop an improved animal model for brain tumor study. The need for better and more relevant brain tumor models is generally acknowledged. Glioma tissue can be cultured directly from the biopsy specimen as tumor spheroids. Using such precultured tissue, a new in vivo model for studying human gliomas was established. (More)
The number of relevant and well-characterized cell lines and xenograft models for studying human breast cancer are few, and may represent a limitation for this field of research. With the aim of developing new breast cancer model systems for in vivo studies of hormone dependent and independent tumor growth, progression and invasion, and for in vivo(More)
Spheroids initiated directly from human primary gliomas were used to investigate the effects of EGF, bFGF, NGF and PDGF(bb) on cell proliferation, migration and invasion into foetal rat brain tissue. EGF increased tumour spheroid volume in 10 of 13 glioblastomas studied, whereas 5 of 11 tumours responded to bFGF. NGF increased the spheroid volume in 2 of 5(More)
Malignant human glioma is characterized by an uncontrolled cell proliferation and infiltrative growth into the brain. The mechanisms by which invasion occurs are poorly understood. Due to recent development in tissue culture methods, it is possible to study invasion in organotypic coculture systems consisting of glioma spheroids and reaggregated fetal brain(More)
This work demonstrates the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in a highly infiltrative brain tumor model developed by simple inoculation of spheroids from five human glioma biopsy tissues directly into the brains of immunodeficient rats. Non-invasive tumors derived from one glioblastoma biopsy specimen and two glioma cell lines (D-54MG and(More)
The effects of four anti-GM2 monoclonal antibodies (DMAb-1, DMAb-2, DMAb-3, and DMAb-5) were studied on spheroid cultures from a human glioma cell line (D-54 MG) that is known to express high levels of GM2. The spheroids developed central necrosis 48 h after antibody exposures at concentrations greater than 6 micrograms/ml. No necrosis was found with(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of bevacizumab treatment on vascular architecture and function in two xenograft models with different angiogenic properties using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS Mice carrying basal-like (MAS98.12) or luminal-like (MAS98.06)(More)