Olanda M. Hathaway

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BACKGROUND Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a disorder that affects women and is characterized by cystic lung destruction, chylous effusions, lymphangioleiomyomas, and angiomyolipomas. It is caused by proliferation of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells. Sirolimus is a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor that has been reported to decrease the size of(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise-induced hypoxemia is frequent in patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and could be associated with pulmonary hypertension. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in patients with LAM, to identify physiologic parameters associated with its occurrence, and to evaluate the effect of oxygen(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a disease affecting women and causing cystic lung lesions, and, in some instances, leading to respiratory failure and death, appears to be exacerbated by estrogens. Hence, hormonal therapy with progesterone is frequently employed; however, efficacy has not been demonstrated. Our aim was to determine whether(More)
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis, a multisystem disease affecting women, is characterized by proliferation of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells in the lungs, leading to cystic destruction of the parenchyma and recurrent pneumothoraces. Clinical characteristics of lymphangioleiomyomatosis patients were analyzed to determine the relationship of pneumothoraces to(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that approximately one-fourth of patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) may respond to therapy with bronchodilators. However, the validity of those observations has been questioned. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of reversible airflow obstruction in patients with LAM and to identify(More)
Estrogen deficiency and pulmonary diseases are associated with bone mineral density (BMD) loss. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a disorder affecting women that is characterized by cystic lung lesions, is frequently treated with antiestrogen therapy, i.e., progesterone and/or oophorectomy. Therefore, we evaluated BMD yearly in 211 LAM patients to determine(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of pneumothorax associated with travel in patients with interstitial lung diseases is unknown. In patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), in whom pneumothorax is common, patients are often concerned about the occurrence of a life-threatening event during air travel. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of(More)
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is characterized by cystic lung destruction, resulting from proliferation of smooth-muscle-like cells, which have mutations in the tumor suppressor genes TSC1 or TSC2. Among 277 LAM patients, severe disease was associated with hypoxia and elevated red blood cell indexes that accompanied reduced pulmonary function. Because high(More)
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a multisystem disorder associated with proliferation of smooth muscle-like cells, which leads to destruction of lung parenchyma. Subjective grading of LAM on HRCT is imprecise and can be arduous especially in cases with severe involvement. We propose a computer-aided evaluation system that grades LAM involvement based on(More)
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