Olaf Reinhartz

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OBJECTIVE Our approach to the extracardiac conduit Fontan operation has evolved over time from full-pump, to partial-pump, to completely off-pump. This study is designed to report our overall experience with the extracardiac conduit Fontan operation and to evaluate the evolution in bypass technique on postoperative outcomes. METHODS From September 1992 to(More)
BACKGROUND Pluripotent cardiac progenitor cells resident in myocardium offer a potentially promising role in promoting recovery from injury. In pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) patients, manipulation of resident progenitor cells may provide important new approaches to improving outcomes. Our study goals were to identify and quantitate populations of(More)
Particularly in pediatric patients, mechanical circulatory support remains a clinical challenge. We analyzed the Stanford experience with use of the Thoratec ventricular assist device (VAD) in children and adolescents and data from the company's voluntary database. Through January 2005, 209 patients up to 18 years of age have been supported with the(More)
BACKGROUND Beginning in 2000 and accelerating in 2004, the Berlin Heart EXCOR (Berlin Heart Inc Woodlands, TX) became the first pediatric-specific ventricular assist device (VAD) applied throughout North America for children of all sizes. This retrospective study analyzed the initial Berlin Heart EXCOR pediatric experience as a bridge to transplantation. (More)
BACKGROUND Donor-specific antibodies (DSA) against human leukocyte antigens complicate transplantation with the potential for acute antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). Complement-fixing antibodies are required to initiate the complement cascade. Not all DSAs, however, can fix complement. METHODS A novel C1q assay was developed to detect the sub-set of(More)
BACKGROUND Patient size is 1 determinant in selecting a mechanical circulatory support device. The current pulsatile ventricular assist devices (VADs) were designed primarily for average-sized adults. The flexibility of the Thoratec VAD, however, has encouraged physicians to use it in a significant number of intermediate-sized older children and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the hemodynamic effects of tezosentan in the intact lamb both at rest and during acute and chronic pulmonary hypertension. DESIGN Prospective, randomized experimental study. SETTING University-based research laboratory. SUBJECTS Lambs with and without pulmonary hypertension. INTERVENTIONS Six newborn lambs were instrumented(More)
BACKGROUND The management of congenital aortic stenosis in neonates and infants continues to be a surgical challenge. We have performed the modified Ross-Konno procedure for patients who have severe aortic insufficiency or significant residual stenosis after balloon aortic dilation. The midterm results of this procedure were evaluated in this subset of(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important mediator of pulmonary vascular reactivity, and decreased NO synthase expression has been demonstrated in children with advanced pulmonary hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease and increased pulmonary blood flow. Using aortopulmonary vascular graft placement in the fetal lamb, we have established a unique animal(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is the most feared complication associated with the Berlin Heart EXCOR pediatric ventricular assist device (VAD), the most commonly used VAD in children, and affects 1 in 3 children. We sought to determine whether a modified anti-thrombotic guideline, involving more intense platelet inhibition and less reliance on platelet function(More)