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Formins are involved in diverse aspects of morphogenesis, and share two regions of homology: FH1 and FH2. We describe a new formin homology region, FH3. FH3 is an amino-terminal domain that differs from the Rho binding site identified in Bni1p and p140mDia. The Schizosaccharomyces pombe formin Fus1 is required for conjugation, and is localized to the(More)
BACKGROUND Fission yeast cells undergo sexual differentiation in response to nitrogen starvation. In this process haploid M and P cells first mate to form diploid zygotes, which then enter meiosis and sporulate. Prior to mating, M and P cells communicate with diffusible mating pheromones that activate a signal transduction pathway in the opposite cell type.(More)
Telomeres share the ability to silence nearby transcription with heterochromatin, but the requirement of heterochromatin proteins for most telomere functions is unknown. The fission yeast Rik1 protein is required for heterochromatin formation at centromeres and the mating-type locus, as it recruits the Clr4 histone methyltransferase, whose modification of(More)
Nucleoli can be isolated from Tetrahymena in a yield of 30-60%. The isolated nucleoli contain rDNA (at least 90% pure) and have a protein to DNA ratio of 30:1. The endogenous RNA-polymerase activity of the r-chromatin has the following properties: (i) The in vitro transcript has a maximal size identical to the in vivo 35S rRNA precursor, demonstrating(More)
This report describes the use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of viral genomic sequences in latently infected cells. Infection with human immunodeficiency virus in cultures of human glial cells was demonstrated, using nucleic acid amplification followed by dot blot hybridization. It was not possible to detect any viral antigen(More)
Cullin4, Ddb1, and Cdt2 are core subunits of the ubiquitin ligase complex CRL4 Cdt2 , which controls genome stability by targeting Spd1 for degradation during DNA replication and repair in fission yeast. Spd1 has an inhibitory effect on ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), the activity of which is required for deoxynucleotide (dNTP) synthesis. Failure to degrade(More)
In fission yeast, the COP9 signalosome is required to activate ribonucleotide reductase for DNA synthesis. This is mediated via the ubiquitin ligase Pcu4, activation of which leads to degradation of the scaffold protein Spd1, which anchors the small ribonucleotide reductase subunit in the nucleus away from the large subunit in the cytoplasm.
The protein called p97 in mammals and Cdc48 in budding and fission yeast is a homo-hexameric, ring-shaped, ubiquitin-dependent ATPase complex involved in a range of cellular functions, including protein degradation, vesicle fusion, DNA repair, and cell division. The cdc48+ gene is essential for viability in fission yeast, and point mutations in the human(More)
In isolated nucleoli from Tetrahymena thermophila, low concentrations of the intercalating agent proflavine inhibit both transcription termination and splicing of the rRNA precursor. Proflavine also exerts an in vivo effect on the process of transcription termination under conditions, where the growth rate is only slightly reduced. Thus, approximately 40%(More)
Synchronised cells of Tetrahymena pyriformis GL were labelled with 3H thymidine at a stage in the cell cycle when only the mitochondrial and extrachromosomal nucleolar ribosomal DNAs were replicating. In this way it was possible to prepare nuclei labelled selectively in the DNA of the ribosomal RNA genes. Since the ribosomal RNA cistrons of these cells are(More)