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OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to assess the possible relationship between event-related potentials (ERP) and serotonergic or noradrenergic activity in depression. Therefore, we were interested in the impact of different monoamine reuptake inhibitors on ERP. METHODS Thirty-six inpatients with major depression were treated with either reboxetine (n =(More)
S100B is an astrocytic, calcium-binding protein which in nanomolar concentrations has neuroprotective and regenerating effects on neurons and glial cells. Increased levels have been shown to be positively correlated with therapeutic response in major depression. Event-related potentials (ERP) have been reported to be impaired in depressed patients. The aim(More)
Little is known about variables that might predict outcome in major depression. Recently, basal prolactin values (BPV) have been suggested to predict response to treatment with tricyclic antidepressive drugs. In order to examine whether BPV predict response to selective mono-aminergic therapy, 24 in-patients with major depression were treated in a(More)
AIM Pneumonia in childhood may be associated with surfactant dysfunction and severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of surfactant treatment on oxygenation in 8 infants (age range: 1 mo to 13 y) with severe respiratory failure owing to viral, bacterial or Pneumocystis Carinii pneumonia. (More)
Connatal bacterial pneumonia is common in neonates. Animal studies and initial clinical reports indicate that surfactant dysfunction is involved in the pathophysiology of severe neonatal pneumonia. Since respiratory distress syndrome and connatal pneumonia may be difficult to differentiate in the first hours of life, neonates with respiratory failure due to(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive functions dependent on the prefrontal cortex, such as the ability to suppress behavior (response inhibition) and initiate a new one (response re-engagement) is important in the activities of daily life. Central serotonin (5-HT) function is thought to be a critical component of these cognitive functions. In recent studies, 5-HT failed to(More)
BACKGROUND The use of atypical antipsychotics in major depression complicated by psychotic features has not been extensively investigated. Event-related potentials (ERP) have been reported to be impaired in depressed patients, probably due to serotonergic hypofunction. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a combination therapy with(More)
Abstract Autoregulation of receptor systems by their own ligands is a well established biological phenomenon. While down-regulation of the glucocorticoid binding capacity by glucocorticoids has been shown in animals and humans, data on up-regulation processes in humans are lacking. To further explore glucocorticoid receptor plasticity in relation to(More)
The role of serotonin (5-HT) in attention is not fully understood yet. We aimed to investigate whether attention is modulated after treatment with escitalopram, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). We administered 10 mg of escitalopram to 20 healthy subjects in a placebo-controlled, double-blind cross-over design for 1 day or to another 20(More)