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BACKGROUND Subjects with amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) may include patients at high risk for progression to Alzheimer disease (AD) and a population with different underlying pathologic conditions. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the potential roles of positron emission tomography with fluorodeoxyglucose F 18 (18FDG-PET) and memory scores in identifying(More)
A kindred from South Tyrol (northern Italy) with familial, adult-onset parkinsonism of pseudo-dominant inheritance and mutations in the parkin gene was recently described. To gain insight into basal ganglia dysfunction in this form of hereditary parkinsonism, positron emission tomography (PET) with 18-fluorodopa (FDOPA) and 11C-raclopride (RAC) was(More)
It is currently unclear whether impairment of the cholinergic system is present in Alzheimer disease (AD) already at an early stage and to what extent it depends on degeneration of the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM). We examined acetylcholine esterase activity in vivo in the nbM, the amygdala, and cerebral neocortex. Measurements were performed in normal(More)
OBJECTIVE To study awareness of cognitive dysfunction in patients with very mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) and subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS A complaint interview covering 13 cognitive domains was administered to 82 AD and 79 MCI patients and their caregivers. The patient groups were comparable according to age and education, and(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is clinically characterized by cognitive impairment and behavioral disturbances. The aim of the study was to identify regional alterations in brain function associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms in early AD. METHODS Patients underwent measures of cerebral glucose metabolism applying positron emission tomography(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been reported to mediate several effects in response to muscarinic cholinergic stimulation in cardiovascular tissues. Recently, an attenuation of guinea pig cardiac myocyte contraction by NO has been described. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the indirect negative inotropic effect of M-cholinoceptor stimulation in(More)
It is well known that myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) - Curschmann-Steinert disease - is associated with white matter lesions in the brain. Further, DM1 patients may suffer from cardiac involvement and cardioembolic strokes. We report on the unique case of an adult-onset DM1 without cardiac or vascular abnormalities presenting with stroke-like episodes. A(More)
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