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BACKGROUND Recurrence of hepatitis C (HCV) infection after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in HCV-positive patients is almost universal. Severity of graft hepatitis increases during the long-term follow-up, and up to 30% of patients develop severe graft hepatitis and cirrhosis. However, there are still no clear predictors for severe recurrence. The(More)
With excellent short-term survival in liver transplantation (LT), we now focus on long-term outcome and report the first European single-center 20-year survival data. Three hundred thirty-seven LT were performed in 313 patients (09/88-12/92). Impact on long-term outcome was studied and a comparison to life expectancy of matched normal population was(More)
Nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) are a recently described family of ectonucleotidases that differentially hydrolyze the gamma and beta phosphate residues of extracellular nucleotides. Expression of this enzymatic activity has the potential to influence nucleotide P2 receptor signaling within the vasculature. We and others have(More)
Orthotopic liver retransplantation (re-OLT) is highly controversial. The objectives of this study were to determine the validity of a recently developed United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) multivariate model using an independent cohort of patients undergoing re-OLT outside the United States, to determine whether incorporation of other variables that(More)
BACKGROUND Incisional hernia after liver transplantation is a common complication with an incidence between 5% and 34%. This prospective study analyzed risk factors, surgical management and long-term results after hernia repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS From February 2002 until August 2009, 810 liver transplantations were performed. 77 patients (9.5%)(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) function is believed to be of critical importance for the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To date, most research in animal models and the few human data available is restricted to myeloid DC, while plasmacytoid DC (pDC) capable of controlling both innate and adaptive immune responses have not yet been investigated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS To evaluate fat saturated (fs) T2-weighted (w) fast relaxation fast spin echo (FRFSE)-sequences compared to the standard protocol with contrast agent for the evaluation of inflammatory activity in patients with Crohn's Disease (CD). METHODS Fourty-eight patients (male, 17; female, 33; mean age, 37 years) with suspicion of inflammatory(More)
Extracellular nucleotides are ubiquitous extracellular mediators that interact with and activate nucleotide type 2 (P2) receptors. These receptors initiate a wide variety of signalling pathways that appear important for functional associations between neurons and glial cells and for the regulation of blood flow, haemostatic and inflammatory reactions in the(More)
BACKGROUND Although conventional immunosuppression after liver transplantation consists of cyclosporine A (CsA), steroids, and azathioprine, recently introduced protocols entail CsA-based quadruple induction protocols or tacrolimus-based combinations. These protocols aim to reduce the rejection rate and the considerable morbidity related to the side effects(More)