Olaf Christen

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Since silage maize is the main crop grown for biogas production (biomass crop) in Germany; its increasing cultivation is critically discussed in terms of social and agronomical aspects. To investigate if sugar beet is suitable as an alternative biomass crop to silage maize; three-year field trials with both biomass crops in rotations with winter wheat (food(More)
Besides technical improvements and a reduction of food losses in the food chain, diet shifts offer practicable opportunities to reduce environmental impacts in the agri-food sector on a low-cost basis. In this paper we analyze the environmental impacts of nutrition in Germany in the year 2006. Based on an equalized daily energy uptake of 2000 kcal(More)
Forty-three lines of barley, including ancestral (wild), landraces, Middle Eastern lines, and modern cultivars, were grown under two different sets of environmental conditions. Hordenine production in barley roots was determined at the one-leaf stage by HPLC analysis and, in two lines only, over a period of 35 days. Forty-two of the 43 lines produced(More)
Nutrition is considered as one of the main drivers of global environmental change. Dietary patterns in particular, embedded in the international trade of foods and other biomass based commodities, determine the dimension of beneficial or harmful environmental impacts of the agri-food sector - both domestically and abroad. In this study we analysed different(More)
The effect of stock-culture period on the sensitivity of theLemna bioassay to four different phenolic substances was evaluated in this study. The sensitivity of the bioassay interacted with the stock-culture period of either 11, 14, or 18 days. After a seven-day testp-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA), vanillic acid (VA),trans-cinnamic acid (CA), and ferulic acid(More)
Avoiding soil compaction caused by agricultural management is a key aim of sustainable land management, and the soil compaction risk should be considered when assessing the environmental impacts of land use systems. Therefore this project compares different crop rotations in terms of soil structure and the soil compaction risk. It is based on a field trial(More)
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent not only the major driver for quality-restricted and lost life years; NCDs and their related medical treatment costs also pose a substantial economic burden on healthcare and intra-generational tax distribution systems. The main objective of this study was therefore to quantify the economic burden of unbalanced(More)
Die wirtschaftlichen, gesellschaftlichen und politischen Rahmenbedingungen der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion ändern sich stetig. Dies erfordert von den landwirtschaftlichen Unternehmen eine beständige Anpassung ihrer Produktionsaktivitäten. Um die Anforderungen von Markt und Gesellschaft an die landwirtschaftliche Produktion zu erfüllen, sind ökonomische,(More)