Olaf Christen

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  • John V. Lovett, Anne H. C. Hoult, Olaf Christen
  • 1994
Forty-three lines of barley, including ancestral (wild), landraces, Middle Eastern lines, and modern cultivars, were grown under two different sets of environmental conditions. Hordenine production in barley roots was determined at the one-leaf stage by HPLC analysis and, in two lines only, over a period of 35 days. Forty-two of the 43 lines produced(More)
Besides technical improvements and a reduction of food losses in the food chain, diet shifts offer practicable opportunities to reduce environmental impacts in the agri-food sector on a low-cost basis. In this paper we analyze the environmental impacts of nutrition in Germany in the year 2006. Based on an equalized daily energy uptake of 2000 kcal(More)
The effect of stock-culture period on the sensitivity of theLemna bioassay to four different phenolic substances was evaluated in this study. The sensitivity of the bioassay interacted with the stock-culture period of either 11, 14, or 18 days. After a seven-day testp-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA), vanillic acid (VA),trans-cinnamic acid (CA), and ferulic acid(More)
Nutrition is considered as one of the main drivers of global environmental change. Dietary patterns in particular, embedded in the international trade of foods and other biomass based commodities, determine the dimension of beneficial or harmful environmental impacts of the agri-food sector - both domestically and abroad. In this study we analysed different(More)
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent not only the major driver for quality-restricted and lost life years; NCDs and their related medical treatment costs also pose a substantial economic burden on healthcare and intra-generational tax distribution systems. The main objective of this study was therefore to quantify the economic burden of unbalanced(More)
Oral diseases such as dental caries, edentulism (tooth loss), periodontal disease (PD), and oral cancer currently constitute an increased major public health burden across the globe, with significant differences between countries. One of the main drivers of caries, edentulism, and PD is the excessive intake of sugars. Here, we aimed to quantify the global(More)
Die wirtschaftlichen, gesellschaftlichen und politischen Rahmenbedin-gungen der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion ändern sich stetig. Dies erfordert von den landwirtschaftlichen Unternehmen eine beständige Anpassung ihrer Produkti-onsaktivitäten. Um die Anforderungen von Markt und Gesellschaft an die land-wirtschaftliche Produktion zu erfüllen,sind(More)
"Environmental medicine" is a new sub-discipline in the spectrum of medical specialization in Germany. The Berlin Academy of Occupational Medicine and Health Protection, now a branch of the Berlin Chamber of Physicians, developed a 200-lesson curriculum for physicians who want to specialize in this field. Coincidentally during the initial courses, the(More)
Since silage maize is the main crop grown for biogas production (biomass crop) in Germany; its increasing cultivation is critically discussed in terms of social and agronomical aspects. To investigate if sugar beet is suitable as an alternative biomass crop to silage maize; three-year field trials with both biomass crops in rotations with winter wheat (food(More)