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Different tracing systems for Haskell give different views of a program at work. In practice, several views are complementary and can productively be used together. Until now each system has generated its own trace, containing only the information needed for its particular view. Here we present the design of a trace that can serve several views. The trace(More)
Deforestation optimises a functional program by transforming it into another one that does not create certain intermediate data structures. Short cut deforestation is a deforestation method which is based on a single, local transformation rule. In return, short cut deforestation expects both producer and consumer of the intermediate structure in a certain(More)
We outline two heuristics for improving the localisation of bugs in a program. This is done by comparing computations of the same program with different input. At least one of these computations must produce a correct result, while exactly one must exhibit some erroneous behavior. First, reductions that are thought highly likely to be correct are eliminated(More)
There are several purely functional libraries for converting tree structured data into indented text, but they all make use of some backtracking. Over twenty years ago, Oppen published a more efficient imperative implementation of a pretty printer. This article shows that the same efficiency is also obtainable without destructive updates by developing a(More)
Until now there has been no support for specifying and enforcing contracts within a lazy functional program. That is a shame, because contracts consist of pre- and post-conditions for functions that go beyond the standard static types. This paper presents the design and implementation of a small, easy-to-use, purely functional contract library for Haskell,(More)
Common subexpression elimination is a well-known compiler optimisation that saves time by avoiding the repetition of the same computation. In lazy functional languages, referential transparency renders the identification of common subexpressions very simple. More common subexpressions can be recognised because they can be of arbitrary type whereas standard(More)