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It has been difficult to establish whether we are limited to the heart muscle cells we are born with or if cardiomyocytes are generated also later in life. We have taken advantage of the integration of carbon-14, generated by nuclear bomb tests during the Cold War, into DNA to establish the age of cardiomyocytes in humans. We report that cardiomyocytes(More)
Adult-born hippocampal neurons are important for cognitive plasticity in rodents. There is evidence for hippocampal neurogenesis in adult humans, although whether its extent is sufficient to have functional significance has been questioned. We have assessed the generation of hippocampal cells in humans by measuring the concentration of(More)
Obesity is increasing in an epidemic manner in most countries and constitutes a public health problem by enhancing the risk for cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes. Owing to the increase in obesity, life expectancy may start to decrease in developed countries for the first time in recent history. The factors determining(More)
The use of web services for sensor networking applications is seen as an important part in emerging M2M communications. The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) is proposed by the IETF to optimize the use of the RESTful web service architecture in constrained nodes and networks, for example Wireless Sensor Networks. We present an IP based solution to(More)
The myelination of axons by oligodendrocytes has been suggested to be modulated by experience, which could mediate neural plasticity by optimizing the performance of the circuitry. We have assessed the dynamics of oligodendrocyte generation and myelination in the human brain. The number of oligodendrocytes in the corpus callosum is established in childhood(More)
The genotoxic effects of 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF) alone cannot explain the formation of rat liver tumors. It has been proposed that mitochondrial effects are associated with its tumor-promoting properties. These mitochondrial effects are thought to trigger apoptosis and regenerative proliferation, which alters the liver lobule in a cirrhosis-like manner.(More)
Continuous turnover of neurons in the olfactory bulb is implicated in several key aspects of olfaction. There is a dramatic decline postnatally in the number of migratory neuroblasts en route to the olfactory bulb in humans, and it has been unclear to what extent the small number of neuroblasts at later stages contributes new neurons to the olfactory bulb.(More)
The magnitude of cardiomyocyte generation in the adult heart has been heavily debated. A recent report suggests that during mouse preadolescence, cardiomyocyte proliferation leads to a 40% increase in the number of cardiomyocytes. Such an expansion would change our understanding of heart growth and have far-reaching implications for cardiac regeneration.(More)
High frequency stimulation (HFS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has clinically emerged as a promising approach in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, dystonia as well as compulsive and possibly other mood disorders. The underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood, but are definitely related to high frequency and likely to involve the(More)
Targeted ectopic expression of genes in the adult brain is an invaluable approach for studying many biological processes. This can be accomplished by generating transgenic mice or by virally mediated gene transfer, but these methods are costly and labor intensive. We devised a rapid strategy that allows localized in vivo transfection of plasmid DNA within(More)