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In oncology, the term 'hyperthermia' refers to the treatment of malignant diseases by administering heat in various ways. Hyperthermia is usually applied as an adjunct to an already established treatment modality (especially radiotherapy and chemotherapy), where tumor temperatures in the range of 40-43 degrees C are aspired. In several clinical phase-III(More)
Within the last few years, increasing evidence of relative adrenal insufficiency in septic shock evoked a reassessment of hydrocortisone therapy. To evaluate the effects of hydrocortisone on the balance between proinflammatory and antiinflammation, 40 patients with septic shock were randomized in a double-blind crossover study to receive either the first(More)
Objective. A major cause of death in patients with severe hemorrhagic shock following trauma is the subsequent occurrence of multiple organ failure due to tissue hypoxia. Early administration of an oxygen carrier may reduce the occurrence of organ failures and improve survival. It may also reduce the need of blood products. Design and setting. Prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative stress may suppress the adaptive immune system. Abolished proinflammatory lymphocyte function is associated with higher risk of infection and postoperative complications. We hypothesized that thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA) reduces intraoperative stress and thus attenuates lymphocyte decrease and impairment of proinflammatory(More)
The infrared system IRATHERM-2000, with water-filtered infrared A wavelength underwent 20 treatments of whole body hyperthermia in conjunction with chemotherapy. In all the sessions, the aimed systemic temperature (41.8 degrees C, maximum 42.0 degrees C) could be achieved and maintained for 60 min. Due to increasing clinical experience, the unnegligible(More)
Objective: To establish the safety of systemic Cancer Multistep Therapy (sCMT) including whole body hyperthermia, by means of hemodynamic, laboratory and clinical investigations. Design: Prospective study. Setting: University clinic. Patients: 12 patients with various cancers (with sCMT), a second group of 20 patients with colorectal carcinoma treated with(More)
Extreme acute physical stress leads to transient impairment of T-lymphocytes, which are essential for tumor defence and prevention of infectious diseases. Radiant whole body hyperthermia (WBH) at 41.8-42.2 degrees C may enhance the efficacy of systemic chemotherapy in patients with advanced malignancies, but is associated with marked physical stress. Aim of(More)
Extreme acute physical stress leads to transient impairment of T-lymphocytes, which are essential for tumor defence and prevention of infectious diseases. Radiant whole body hyperthermia (WBH) at 41.8–42.2°C may enhance the efficacy of systemic chemotherapy in patients with advanced malignancies, but is associated with marked physical stress. Aim of this(More)
The transfusion of fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) is suggested to minimize dilution coagulopathy when applied instead of colloids during paediatric craniofacial surgery (pCFS). We prospectively compared plasmatic haemostaseologic function between volume replacement with FFPs versus human albumin (HA) in a pilot study. Thirty infants with primary craniosynostosis(More)
BACKGROUND Combination of epidural and general anesthesia (combined anesthesia) avoids the intraoperative use of intravenous analgesics and may reduce the surgical stress response during major abdominal surgery. This study examines the differences in intraoperative hemodynamic stability, cortisol levels and activity of cardiovascular hormones between(More)