Ola Mae Zack Howard

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TNFR2 is predominantly expressed by a subset of human and mouse CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs). In this study, we characterized the phenotype and function of TNFR2(+) Tregs in peripheral lymphoid tissues of normal and tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice. We found that TNFR2 was expressed on 30-40% of the Tregs of the peripheral activated/memory(More)
Although TNF is a major proinflammatory cytokine, increasing evidence indicates that TNF also has immunosuppressive feedback effects. We have demonstrated in this study that, in both resting and activated states, mouse peripheral CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory cells (Tregs) expressed remarkably higher surface levels of TNFR2 than CD4(+)CD25(-) T effector cells(More)
BACKGROUND The formylpeptide receptor (FPR) is a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that mediates chemotaxis of phagocytic leukocytes induced by bacterial peptide N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLF). We previously showed that selected human glioma cell lines also express functional FPR. We therefore investigated the relationship between FPR(More)
Human S100A7 (psoriasin) is overexpressed in inflammatory diseases. The recently discovered, co-evolved hS100A15 is almost identical in sequence and up-regulated with hS100A7 during cutaneous inflammation. The functional role of these closely related proteins for inflammation remains undefined. By generating specific Abs, we demonstrate that hS100A7 and(More)
Compelling evidence has now demonstrated that IL-17-producing CD4 cells (Th17) are a major contributor to autoimmune pathogenesis, whereas CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells (Treg) play a major role in suppression of autoimmunity. Differentiation of proinflammatory Th17 and immunosuppressive Treg from naive CD4 cells is reciprocally related and contingent upon(More)
IL-2 is crucial for the production of CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory (Treg) cells while important for the generation of effective T cell-mediated immunity. How to exploit the capacity of IL-2 to expand Treg cells, while restraining activation of T effector (Teff) cells, is an important and unanswered therapeutic question. Dexamethasone (Dex), a synthetic(More)
The opiates are well-established immunomodulatory factors, and recent evidence suggests that mu- and delta-opioid receptor ligands alter chemokine-driven chemotactic responses through the process of heterologous desensitization. In the present report, we sought to examine the capacity of mu- and delta-opioids to modulate the function of chemokine receptors(More)
Previously, we found that co-expression of CD25 and TNFR2 identified the most suppressive subset of mouse Treg. In this study, we report that human peripheral blood (PB) FOXP3(+) cells present in CD25(high), CD25(low) and even CD25(-) subsets of CD4(+) cells expressed high levels of TNFR2. Consequently, TNFR2-expressing CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg included all of(More)
The role of the micronutrient, selenium, in human cancers associated with chronic inflammations and persistent infections is poorly understood. Peritoneal plasmacytomas (PCTs) in strain BALB/c (C), the premier experimental model of inflammation-dependent plasma cell transformation in mice, may afford an opportunity to gain additional insights into the(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate the instability of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs). We have therefore investigated means of promoting the stability of Tregs. In this study, we found that the proportion of Tregs in mouse strains deficient in TNFR2 or its ligands was reduced in the thymus and peripheral lymphoid tissues, suggesting a potential(More)