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Worldwide 50,000 children are blinded by ROP each year. It therefore is important to understand the pathogenesis of this condition. The relation between low gestational age, growth retardation, oxygen dependent growth factors, and hyperoxia are now being understood more clearly. In the first phase of ROP hyperoxia inhibits VEGF. In its second phase VEGF(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is highly expressed in the developing brain. It has anti-apoptotic abilities, and protects the neonatal brain. In experimental settings in adult animals, pre-treatment with nicotine has shown increased BDNF levels, indicating a possible contribution to nicotine's anti-apoptotic effect. Apoptosis contributes to the(More)
Many preterm infants may experience so-called minor developmental disorders; however, in general, the problems in motor behavior are not detected until school age. To introduce therapies aimed at the prevention of these problems, we need to increase our knowledge of motor function and dysfunction at early age. The present study focused on the organization(More)
UNLABELLED Perinatal brain injuries and the subsequent development of cerebral palsy are closely associated with intrauterine infections and inflammatory response. Antibiotics have proven futile in reducing perinatal brain injuries. We tested whether treatment with the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 could have beneficial effects during a concomitant(More)
The present study focussed on the development and interaction of reaching and posture in supine position in young infants. The kinematics of goal directed reaches and the concurrent ground reaction forces of the total body centre of pressure (COP) in cranial-caudal and medial-lateral direction were recorded in twelve healthy fullterm infants at 4 and 6(More)
A substantial proportion of the "apparently normal" preterm infants exhibit minor and moderate dysfunctions in neuromotor outcome as they grow older. Birth characteristics, minor abnormalities on the neonatal ultrasound scan of the brain, and motor milestones have only limited value in the early detection of these children. The aim of the present study was(More)
Perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic brain damage is an important cause of neonatal death and permanent neurological impairment. Therapeutic hypothermia may reduce the development of brain damage after hypoxia. Whether to use room-air or 100% oxygen for resuscitation of the asphyxiated neonate is still debated, and there is little knowledge about the combined(More)
Gradually it is getting clear that motor development - in particular balance control - in so-called "low-risk" preterm infants often differs from that in full-term infants. However, little is known on the etiology and pathophysiology of these problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate postural behavior during reaching by means of kinetic and kinematic(More)
S2: CHNRI's starting framework from which listing of many research options (level of 3-5-year research program) and research questions (level of individual research papers) were being proposed by technical experts to develop a consolidated list of research questions.