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OBJECTIVES Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3) and arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4 n-6) are important for development of the central nervous system in mammals. There is a growth spurt in the human brain during the last trimester of pregnancy and the first postnatal months, with a large increase in the cerebral content of AA and DHA. The fetus and the newborn(More)
OBJECTIVE There have been indications that high intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) during pregnancy may increase birth weight and gestational length. In addition, n-3 long-chain PUFAs may be important for the neurobiological development of the infants. High levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6 n-3) are found in the gray matter(More)
Despite recent advances in the perinatal management of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), controversies still exist. We report the recommendations of a European panel of expert neonatologists who developed consensus guidelines after critical examination of the most up-to-date evidence in 2007. Strong evidence exists for the role of antenatal(More)
BACKGROUND The issue of whether 21% O(2) is more effective than 100% O(2) for resuscitation of newborn infants remains controversial. OBJECTIVES We have updated the systematic review and meta-analysis including all studies reporting resuscitation of newborn infants with 21 or 100% O(2). METHODS Randomized or quasi-randomized studies of depressed newborn(More)
In recent years a body of data has accumulated, linking the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) to increased oxidative stress in the first few days after birth, since high concentrations of metabolites reflecting increased peroxidation products such as pentane, ethane, protein carbonyl, o-tyrosine, allantoin and F2-isoprostanes, as well as low(More)
OBJECTIVES Arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) are essential for brain growth and cognitive development. We have reported that supplementing pregnant and lactating women with n-3 very-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids promotes higher IQ scores at 4 years of age as compared with maternal supplementation with n-6 polyunsaturated(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence for an effect of cigarette smoking on risk of oral clefts. There are also hypothetical pathways for a biologic effect involving toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke. METHODS We performed a combined case-control and family-triad study of babies born with oral clefts in Norway in the period 1996 to 2001, with 88% participation(More)
Hypoxanthine, the end product of purine metabolism, is usually very elevated in body fluids during severe hypoxia. We measured hypoxanthine in the cerebrospinal fluid of hydrocephalic preterm infants (12 with posthemorrhagic, one with congenital hydrocephalus) to determine whether hydrocephalus is associated with anaerobic metabolism of brain tissue.(More)
The hypoxanthine concentration in plasma was found to be a sensitive parameter of hypoxia of the fetus and the newborn infant. The plasma level of hypoxanthine in the umbilical cord in 29 newborn infants with normal delivery varied between 0 and 11.0 mumol/liter with a mean of 5.8 mumol/liter, SD 3.0 mumol/liter. Compared with this reference group the(More)