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PURPOSE To assess the level of contamination of full-thickness skin grafts stored with or without an antibiotic cover. METHODS Full-thickness skin grafts were harvested from 40 bilateral upper lid blepharoplasties. Before surgery the face was sterilised, the head of the patient was packed with sterile, single-use surgical drapes and the whole face was(More)
Vasomotion is a rhythmical variation in arterial blood flow present in many different organs among them the rat testis. Vasomotion is suggested to play an important role for the transvascular fluid exchange and the exchange of nutrients over the capillary wall as well as the formation of interstitial fluid. The present study was undertaken to elucidate(More)
The acute effects of cigarette smoking and hypoxia on the cerebral and testicular microcirculation were studied in anestethised adult rats. Smoking for 2 min did not influence arterial pO2, pCO2 or pH but it induced an increase in cerebral blood flow by 34% and inhibited vasomotion in the testis for about 1 h. One hour after smoke exposure apnea induced a(More)
Using immunohistochemistry, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and neuronal NOS were localized in the endothelium of rat testicular arteries and in Leydig cells, respectively. NADPH-diaphorase activity, indicating NOS activity, however, was present only in endothelial cells. In order to examine the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the regulation of rat(More)
The effect of moderate reductions in testicular blood flow has not been studied systematically. The aim of this study was, therefore, to examine the effects of different degrees of blood flow reduction on testicular morphology and to determine how much flow can be reduced before damage occurs. The subcapsular testicular artery was partially ligated in the(More)
Testicular vasomotion (rhythmical variations in testicular blood flow) was studied in adult rats using laser Doppler flowmetry. Vasomotion was not present in testes in which the Leydig cells had been destroyed, but it could be induced by a low dose of testosterone. Transposition of a scrotal testis into the abdominal cavity inhibited vasomotion and this was(More)
Vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF-A) is synthesized in the testis but its role and regulation in this organ have not been examined. VEGF and its receptors (VEGF-R) were quantified using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. VEGF, VEGF-R1, and VEGF-R2 mRNAs and VEGF protein were increased after treatment with 50 IU(More)
Adult intact control rats, and animals treated with human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) or with ethane dimethane sulphonate (EDS) to deplete Leydig cells, were injected with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) to label proliferating cells. Apoptotic cells were visualized by in-situ end labelling (ISEL) of fragmented DNA. Three per cent of testicular endothelial cells(More)
The effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-HT2 receptor antagonists (ritanserin and ketanserin), histamine and substance 48/80 on testicular blood flow and microcirculation were studied in adult rats. The substances were administered by topical application on the testicular surface and by intratesticular injections, and blood flow was measured by(More)
The effect of local injection of atrial (ANP), brain (BNP) and C-type (CNP) natriuretic peptides and an ANP antagonist (HS-142-1) on testicular microcirculation and vasomotion was studied using laser Doppler flowmetry. The natriuretic peptides were also localized immunohistochemically within the testis. ANP, BNP-32, CNP-22 and CNP-53 all caused a(More)