Oksana Polesskaya

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Human immunodeficiency virus-associated neurological disease (HAND) still causes significant morbidity, despite success reducing viral loads with combination antiretroviral therapy. The dopamine (DA) system is particularly vulnerable in HAND. We hypothesize that early, "reversible" DAergic synaptic dysfunction occurs long before DAergic neuron loss. As(More)
The use prevalence of the highly addictive psychostimulant methamphetamine (MA) has been steadily increasing over the past decade. MA abuse has been associated with both transient and permanent alterations in cerebral blood flow (CBF), hemorrhage, cerebrovascular accidents and death. To understand MA-induced changes in CBF, we exposed C56BL/6 mice to an(More)
Inhibition of mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK3) is a potential strategy for treatment of Parkinson's disease and HIV-1 associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), requiring an inhibitor that can achieve significant brain concentration levels. We report here URMC-099 (1) an orally bioavailable (F = 41%), potent (IC50 = 14 nM) MLK3 inhibitor with excellent brain(More)
Work from our laboratories has validated mixed lineage kinase type 3 (MLK3) as an enzyme pathologically activated in the CNS by human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) neurotoxins. In this review, we discuss MLK3 activation in the context of the neuropathogenesis of HIV-1 associated neurocognitive deficits (HAND). We use findings from the literature to(More)
The rates of photosynthetic СО2 assimilation were determined in fully expanded second leaves of 21-day-old wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings grown on media supplied with nitrate or ammonia and on a nitrogen-free medium (NO3 –- or NH4 +-treatments and N-deficit treatment, respectively). The maximal quantum efficiency of photosynthesis was independent on(More)
Cellular levels of RNAs containing transposable elements increase in response to various stresses. Polymerase III (Pol III)-dependent transcripts of transposons are different from transposon-containing RNAs generated by read-through Pol II-dependent transcription. Until now, Pol III transcripts were detected by primer extension followed by time-consuming(More)
We have expressed A-FOS, an inhibitor of activator protein-1 (AP-1) DNA binding, in adult mouse striatal neurons. We observed normal behavior including locomotion and exploratory activities. Following a single injection of cocaine, locomotion increased similarly in both the A-FOS expressing and littermate controls. However, following repeated injections of(More)
In plants of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in the media with nitrate (NO 3 − plants), ammonium (NH 4 + plants), and without nitrogen (N-deficient plants), the response to oxidative stress induced by the addition of 300 mM NaCl to the nutrient solution was investigated. Three-day-long salinization induced chlorophyll degradation and accumulation of(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is known to be dysregulated in persons with human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1), for uncertain reasons. This is an important issue because impaired vasoreactivity has been associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke, elevated overall cardiovascular risk and cognitive impairment. To test whether dysregulation of CBF might(More)
The activity of enzymes participating in the systems of antioxidant protection was assayed in the second leaf and roots of 21-day-old wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in a medium with nitrate (NO– 3 treatment), ammonium (NH+ 4 treatment), or without nitrogen added (N-deficiency treatment). The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD),(More)