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Remote sensing offers a cost efficient means for identifying and monitoring wetlands over a large area and at different moments in time. In this study, we aim at providing ecologically relevant information on characteristics of temporary and permanent isolated open water wetlands, obtained by standard techniques and relatively cheap imagery. The number,(More)
This letter presents an application of continuous wavelet analysis, providing a new semi-empirical approach to estimate Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) in optically complex inland waters. Traditionally spectral narrow band ratios have been used to quantify key diagnostic features in the remote sensing signal to estimate concentrations of optically active water(More)
The amount and intensity of runoff on catchment scale are strongly determined by the presence of impervious land-cover types, which are the predominant cover types in urbanized areas. This paper examines the impact of different methods for estimating impervious surface cover on the prediction of peak discharges, as determined by a fully distributed(More)
Diffuse phosphorus (P) export from agricultural land to surface waters is a significant environmental problem. It is critical to determine the natural background P losses from diffuse sources, but their identification and quantification is difficult. In this study, three headwater catchments with differing land use (arable, pasture and forest) were(More)
Surface soil moisture (SM) plays a fundamental role in energy and water partitioning in the soil–plant–atmosphere continuum. A reliable and operational algorithm is much needed to retrieve regional surface SM at high spatial and temporal resolutions. Here, we provide an operational framework of estimating surface SM at fine spatial resolutions (using(More)
Drought is an intermittent disturbance of the water cycle that profoundly affects the terrestrial carbon cycle. However, the response of the coupled water and carbon cycles to drought and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here we provide the first global synthesis of the drought effect on ecosystem water use efficiency (WUE = gross primary(More)
—Optical remote sensing in complex waters is challenging because the optically active constituents may vary independently and have a combined and interacting influence on the remote sensing signal. Additionally, the remote sensing signal is influenced by noise and spectral contamination by confounding factors, resulting in ill-posedness and(More)