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To determine whether the pathophysiological processes after transient forebrain ischemia are mediated via a signal pathway involving gp130 (a signal transducer for the interleukin-6 family), we analyzed changes in the expression of gp130 and its downstream transcription factor, signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 3 (STAT3), in the rat(More)
The present study was performed to investigate the spatial and temporal expression of osteopontin (OPN) mRNA in the rat brain after kainic acid-induced seizures, and to determine whether this phenomenon is associated spatiotemporally with the microglial reaction. The expression of OPN mRNA was detected using an in situ hybridization technique and Northern(More)
Two dimeric analogs of the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) agonist phenylpropargyloxy-1,2,5-thiadiazole-quinuclidine (NNC 11-1314) were synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated. In radioligand binding assays on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell membranes expressing the individual human M(1) to M(5) mAChR subtypes, both dimers(More)
Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus occurs throughout life. We observed regional differences in neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of adult rats following transient forebrain ischemia. Nine days after ischemic-reperfusion or sham manipulation, rats were given 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine-5'-monophosphate (BrdU), a marker for dividing cells. They were killed 1 or 28(More)
We examined the effect of 5-hydroxyindole (5-HI) on the potentiation of 5-hydroytryptamine (5-HT)(3) receptor function by ethanol (EtOH) so as to study whether EtOH potentiates channel function through increasing activation or blocking desensitization. We measured 5-HT(3) receptor current using a whole-cell voltage clamp technique with a method of rapid(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of senescence on the binding characteristics of muscarinic receptors by using [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) and [3H]N-methylscopolamine ([3H]NMS) as ligands in young (3months), middle-age (10months) and old (24 months) male Fischer 344 rats. Muscarinic receptor density was found to(More)
It is well known that elevated intracellular cAMP induces growth arrest and the differentiation of HL-60 cells to neutrophil-like cells. The present study was designed to assess the regulation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway by cAMP and its association with differentiation in HL-60 cells. We found that(More)
The cellular localization and spatiotemporal expression pattern of APG-2 protein, a member of the heat shock protein 110 family, were investigated in the rat hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia. The spatiotemporal patterns of immunoreactivity of both APG-2 and glial fibrillary acidic protein were very similar, indicating that reactive astrocytes(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine (THA; Tacrine) on muscarinic-receptor-linked second-messenger systems in rat brain and to determine the selectivity and mechanisms of these effects. Both competitive and noncompetitive antagonism was revealed in saturation radioligand binding studies performed in(More)
The Na+-dependent and Na+-independent (receptor) binding of [3H] GABA is measured in rat brain synaptic membranes. The receptor binding is presented by at least 3 types of binding sites differing in kinetic parameters (dissociation constants and maximal concentration of binding sites). Phenyl-GABA and pyracetam do not affect receptor binding while(More)
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