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The effects of cooking and chemical modification of purified starches on the relative rates and extent of their hydrolysis were studied in vitro by using purified human and rabbit pancreatic amylases. Comparison was made with an in vivo study of postprandial glucose and insulin response in adult rabbits. Uncooked starches showed negligible hydrolysis in(More)
A total of 48 (60 test samples) species of plants commonly eaten in Japan were randomly collected and their methanol extracts were tested for in vitro nitric oxide (NO) generation inhibitory activities in a murine macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7, stimulated with both lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 100 ng/ml) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma, 100 U/ml). Seventeen(More)
Excessive and prolonged generation of superoxide (O2-) and nitric oxide (NO) from inflammatory leukocytes is associated with several lifestyle-related diseases, including cancer. In the present study, we screened 19 natural carotenoids for their modifying effects on O2- and NO generation from differentiated human promyelocytic HL-60 cells and mouse(More)
One known, (2R)-(12Z,15Z)-2-hydroxy-4-oxoheneicosa-12,15-dien+ ++-1-yl acetate (1), and two novel compounds, persenone A (2) and B (3), have been isolated from avocado fruit (Persea americana P. Mill), as inhibitors of superoxide (O(2)(-)) and nitric oxide (NO) generation in cell culture systems. They showed marked inhibitory activities toward NO generation(More)
We investigated the suppressive effects of an avocado constituent, persenone A, on lipopolysaccharide- and interferon-y-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) in a mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264.7. Persenone A at concentration of 20 microM almost completely suppressed both iNOS and COX-2 protein expression. In mouse(More)
Pancreatic amylase enzyme activity starts to increase rapidly around weaning (17-21 days) and reaches the adult level during postnatal development in the rat. To see whether the maturation of amylase involves changes in amylase gene expression, total pancreatic RNA was prepared from rats of various ages (term-fetus, 5, 10, 15, 20, 28 days and adult).(More)
Pancreatic development was studied in rats 17-28 days of age. Control pups, weaned naturally at 21-24 days showed a gradual increase in body weight, pancreatic weight, total DNA and protein content with age. Pups weaned at 17 days showed a transient increase in pancreatic weight and protein content only at day 22; at no time did they show a difference in(More)
Three known coumarins have been isolated from Citrus hystrix DC as inhibitors of both lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-induced nitric oxide (NO) generation in RAW 264.7 cells. The inhibitory activity of bergamottin (IC(50) = 14 microM) was comparable to that of N-(iminoethyl)-L-ornithine (L-NIO) (IC(50) = 7. 9 microM), whereas(More)
In this study, we simultaneously measured nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen (O2) dynamics in the myocardium during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) utilizing sol-gel modified electrochemical NO and O2 microsensors. In addition, we attempted to clarify the correlation between NO release in the ischemic period and O2 restoration in the myocardium after(More)
ABO blood group matching policy between donor and recipients is a chief element of organ allocation. However, O blood group donors may donate to all other blood group recipients, and ABO cross-transplantation has led to excessively long delays for blood group O. To investigate the consequence of this problem, we analyzed the recipients/donor rates according(More)