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Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is a constituent of green tea, and increasing evidence suggests that EGCG has neuroprotective effects on oxidative stress-injured neuronal cells, especially motoneurons. Although the neuroprotective effects of EGCG have been demonstrated in Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases and ischemic stroke models, there has been no(More)
The effects of diallyl disulfide (DADS), a garlic-derived compound, on the viability of neuronal cells and cell signals, including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), cytochrome c, caspase-3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), were investigated in PC12 cells neuronally differentiated by nerve growth factor. To(More)
Capsaicin (trans-8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide), a natural product of Capsicum species, is known to induce excitation of nociceptive terminals involved in pain perception. Recent studies have also shown that capsaicin not only has chemopreventive properties against certain carcinogens and mutagens but also exerts anticancer activity. Here, we(More)
Varieties of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) antagonists have been developed to intervene with excessive TGF-β signalling activity in cancer. Activin receptor-like kinase5 (ALK5) inhibitors antagonize TGF-β signalling by blocking TGF-β receptor-activated Smad (R-Smad) phosphorylation. Here we report the novel mechanisms how ALK5 inhibitors exert a(More)
The applicability of the in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy hepatic lipid profiling (MR-HLP) technique in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was investigated. Using magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the relative fractions of diunsaturated (fdi), monounsaturated (fmono), and saturated (fsat) fatty acids as well as total hepatic lipid content were(More)
Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is frequently observed in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and is considered a major determinant of CRC pathogenesis. CRC pathogenesis is particularly accompanied by epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and survivin expression. Here, we investigated the potential and mechanism of a novel Wnt/β-catenin(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) accumulate in various cancers and promote tumor angiogenesis and metastasis, and thus may be ideal targets for the clinical diagnosis of tumor metastasis with high specificity. However, there are few specific markers to distinguish between TAMs and normal or inflammatory macrophages. Here, we show that TAMs localize in(More)
Accumulation of tissue macrophages is a significant characteristic of disease-associated chronic inflammation, and facilitates the progression of disease pathology. However, the functional roles of these bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) in aging are unclear. Here, we identified agedependent macrophage accumulation in the bone marrow, showing that(More)
Rosiglitazone is a well-known anti-diabetic drug that increases insulin sensitivity via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) activation, but unfortunately it causes bone loss in animals and humans. A previous study showed that prolyl hydroxylase domain protein (PHD) plays a role in rosiglitazone-induced adipocyte differentiation. Based on(More)
Although numerous reports on nonprecious metal catalysts for replacing expensive Pt-based catalysts have been published, few of these studies have demonstrated their practical application in fuel cells. In this work, we report graphitic carbon nitride and carbon nanofiber hybrid materials synthesized by a facile and gram-scale method via liquid-based(More)
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