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Five putative phosphoinositide-specific phospholipases C (PLC) genes were identified in three species of filamentous fungi. Using polymerase chain reaction with degenerate oligonucleotide primers, gene fragments encoding amino acid sequences homologous to PLCs of mammals and other organisms were amplified: one sequence from Botryotinia fuckeliana, one from(More)
Protein-protein interactions and/or signaling activities at focal adhesions, where integrin-mediated adhesion to extracellular matrix occurs, are critical for the regulation of adhesion-dependent cellular functions. Although the phosphorylation and activities of focal adhesion molecules have been intensively studied, the effects of the O-GlcNAc modification(More)
Transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) plays an important role in cell migration, and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) activity is essential for homeostatic and pathological migration of adherent cells. However, it is unclear how TM4SF5 signaling mediates the activation of cellular migration machinery, and how FAK is activated during cell adhesion. Here,(More)
Transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) causes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) for aberrant cell proliferation. However, the effects of TM4SF5 expression on cell cycle are unknown so far. In this study, using hepatocytes that either ectopically or endogenously express TM4SF5 and human hepatocarcinoma tissues, the role of TM4SF5 in G1/S phase(More)
The EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) is involved in fibrosis and cancer, and is regulated by different signalling pathways mediated through soluble factors, actin reorganization and transcription factor actions. Because the tetraspan (also called tetraspanin) TM4SF5 (transmembrane 4 L6 family member 5) is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma(More)
Transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) enhances cell migration and invasion, although how TM4SF5 mechanistically mediates these effects remains unknown. In the study, during efforts to understand TM4SF5-mediated signal transduction, TM4SF5 was shown to bind c-Src and thus hepatoma cell lines expressing TM4SF5 were analyzed for the significance of(More)
Two separate clinical studies of advanced hepatocarcinoma patients recently reported that the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib (nexavar) could extend survival of the patients only by 2-3 months. We also previously demonstrated that 4'-(p-toluenesulfonylamido)-4-hydroxychalcone (TSAHC) blocks the multilayer growth and migration mediated by TM4SF5, which is(More)
Syndecan-1 (Sdc1/CD138) expression is linked to disease severity in multiple myeloma, although the causal basis for this link remains unclear. Here we report that capture of the IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) by Sdc1 suppresses ASK1-dependent apoptosis in multiple myeloma cells. Sdc1 binds two different fractions of IGF1R, one that is constitutively active and a(More)
As an initial step to develop a DNA-mediated transformation system using benomyl resistance as a dominant selectable marker in the phytopathogenic fungus Botryotinia fuckeliana (anamorph, Botrytis cinerea), we have constructed a phage lambda genomic DNA library of a benomyl-resistant strain 91T-1, and a beta-tubulin-encoding gene benA was isolated, cloned(More)
Transmembrane 4L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) can regulate cell-cell adhesion and cellular morphology via cytoplasmic p27(Kip1)-mediated changes in RhoA activity. However, how TM4SF5 causes cytosolic p27(Kip1) stabilization remains unknown. In this study we found that TM4SF5-mediated Ser10 phosphorylation of p27(Kip1) required for cytosolic localization was(More)