Oihane Simón

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Defective viruses lack genes essential for survival but they can co-infect with complete virus genotypes and use gene products from the complete genotype for their replication and transmission. As such, they are detrimental to the fitness of complete genotypes. Here, we describe a mutualistic interaction between genotypes of an insect baculovirus(More)
A Nicaraguan field isolate (SfNIC) of Spodoptera frugiperda nucleopolyhedrovirus was purified by plaque assay on Sf9 cells. Nine distinct genotypes, A to I, were identified by their restriction endonuclease profiles. Variant SfNIC-B was selected as the standard because its restriction profile corresponded to that of the wild-type isolate. Physical maps were(More)
The multicapsid nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs) of Spodoptera exigua (SeMNPV), Spodoptera frugiperda (SfMNPV), and Spodoptera littoralis (SpliNPV) are genetically similar (78 % similarity) but differ in their degree of host specificity. Infection by each of the three NPVs in these three Spodoptera host species was determined by oral inoculation of larvae with(More)
A Nicaraguan isolate of a nucleopolyhedrovirus (SfNIC) that attacks the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, survives as a mixture of nine genotypes (SfNIC A to I) that all present genomic deletions, except variant B (complete genotype). Sequencing of cloned restriction fragments revealed that genotypic variants lack between 5 and 16 of the open reading(More)
The genome of Spodoptera frugiperda multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) was inserted into a bacmid (Sfbac) and used to produce a mutant lacking open reading frame 29 (Sf29null). Sf29null bacmid DNA was able to generate an infection in S. frugiperda. Approximately six times less DNA was present in occlusion bodies (OBs) produced by the Sf29null bacmid in(More)
A Nicaraguan population of Spodoptera frugiperda multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus, SfMNPV-NIC, includes fast-killing genotypes with deletions in the egt region. Four bacmid based recombinants were constructed to determine the role of egt in this phenotype. SfdelF bacmid encompassed the deletion found in the NIC-F genotype. Sfdel3AP2 bacmid was constructed(More)
Homologs to Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) open reading frame (ORF) 136 or Acp26 are present within almost all nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs). Two copies of the gene are found in some members of group II NPVs, suggesting that it may play an important role in transmission or replication. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the(More)
A Nicaraguan isolate of Spodoptera frugiperda multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (SfMNPV) is undergoing field trials for control of this pest in the Americas. This isolate is composed of multiple genotypes, some of which are deletion mutants. Identification of the genetic changes in deleted genotypes cannot be accomplished without the construction of a(More)
A Colombian field isolate (SfCOL-wt) of Spodoptera frugiperda multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (SfMNPV) is a mixture of different genotypes. To evaluate the insecticidal properties of the different genotypic variants, 83 plaque purified virus were characterized. Ten distinct genotypes were identified (named A through J). SfCOL-A was the most prevalent (71±2%;(More)
Defective viruses, not transmissible alone, increase the transmissibility of complete genotypes in natural populations of Spodoptera frugiperda multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (SfMNPV). The defective phenotype is associated with a 15 kb deletion, which includes the pif (per os infectivity factor) gene. The sequence of a 2.4 kb fragment that includes pif(More)