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INTRODUCTION Porphyromonas gingivalis is implicated as a major pathogen in the development and progression of chronic periodontitis. P. gingivalis must possess the ability to tolerate stress signals outside the cytoplasmic membrane by transcriptional activation of genes encoding proteins involved in defense or repair processes. Some bacteria utilize a(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of expression and function(s) of Bacteroides fragilis RND family efflux transport systems (bmeABC1-16). METHODS The mRNA transcripts of bmeB efflux pump genes were detected in a wild-type strain ADB77 by RT-PCR and expression in different strains was quantified by comparative quantitative real-time RT-PCR. In order(More)
We found that N-unblocked nine p-nitroanilde derivatives of amino acids or peptides were hydrolyzed by the crude cell extracts of Streptococcus anginosus NCTC 10713. Then dipeptidyl peptidase IV was purified 323-fold by the procedures including ammonium sulfate concentration, anion exchange chromatography (twice), gel filtration (twice), hydrophobic(More)
We compared effects of Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS with Escherichia coli LPS to the murine peritoneal macrophage. E. coli LPS possessed a threshold dose between 100 micro g and 10 micro g, the higher dose induced apoptosis at the murine peritoneal macrophage while the lower dose did not. The ability of apoptosis induction at the murine peritoneal(More)
Sixteen homologs of multidrug resistance efflux pump operons of the resistance-nodulation-cell division (RND) family were found in the Bacteroides fragilis genome sequence by homology searches. Disruption mutants were made to the mexB homologs of the four genes most similar to Pseudomonas aeruginosa mexB. Reverse transcription-PCR was conducted and(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of norfloxacin (a fluoroquinolone) resistance of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, a member of the B. fragilis group, we isolated transposon-induced mutants sensitive to this agent using Tn4351. Four norfloxacin-sensitive mutants showed reduced levels of resistance, at least, to ethidium bromide. Cloning and sequencing of three(More)
We found that locations of arginine-specific gingipain (RGP) in the cellular fractions in the crude extract, envelope, vesicles, and culture supernatants were 48%, 16%, 17%, and 31%, respectively, and the corresponding values of lysine-specific gingipain (KGP) were 47%, 10%, 7%, and 36%, respectively. Although the molecular mass of RGP in the culture(More)
A complex aggregation of microorganisms growing on a solid substrate is termed a biofilm and is considered to be an etiological agents. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus mutans are representative bacteria in such biofilms. It is well known that deuterium oxide (D₂O) causes toxic effects on a number of biological systems. We investigated the effects(More)