Ohk-Hyun Ryu

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The relationship between interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-induced nociception and the blood glucose level was studied in ICR mice. We found in the present study that intrathecal (i.t.) injection of IL-1β increased pain behavior. In addition, i.t. IL-1β injection caused an elevation of the blood glucose level. The time-course study showed that maximal blood glucose(More)
BACKGROUND In the present study, the possible anti-diabetic action of biguanide and thiazolidinediones administered supraspinally or spinally was studied in ICR mice. METHODS Mice were intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) or intrathecal (i.t.) treated with 20 or 30 μg metformin, pioglitazone and rosiglitazone in d-glucose fed and streptozotocin-treated(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Recent epidemiological studies revealed a striking inverse relationship between vitamin D levels, glucose intolerance/insulin resistance (IR), and cardiovascular disease. However, few interventional studies have evaluated the effect of vitamin D supplementation on cardiovascular risk, such as IR and arterial stiffness, in diabetes. We(More)
The possible roles of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) receptors located in the spinal cord for the regulation of the blood glucose level were studied in ICR mice. We found in the present study that intrathecal (i.t.) injection with baclofen (a GABAB receptor agonist; 1–10 μg/5 μl) or bicuculline (a GABAA receptor antagonist; 1–10 μg/5 μl) caused an(More)
BACKGROUND Body composition changes with ageing can influence the adiponectin concentration. However, the component of body composition that is associated with adiponectin concentrations in older adults remains unclear. METHODS There were 152 males and 168 females aged 65 years or older that participated in the 2010 Hallym Aging Study (HAS). Body(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diabetes is associated with cognitive decline as well as the development of dementia. Although mean blood glucose levels are typically used to assess the status of diabetic patients, glucose variability is also involved in the manifestation of macro- and microvascular complications in this population. Thus, the present study sought to(More)
We have recently demonstrated that some anti-diabetic drugs such as biguanide and thizolidinediones administered centrally modulate the blood glucose level, suggesting that orally administered anti-diabetic drugs may modulate the blood glucose level by acting on central nervous system. The present study was designed to explore the possible action of another(More)
In the present study, the effect of intrathecal (i.t.) or intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration with cholera toxin (CTX) on the blood glucose level was examined in ICR mice. The i.t. treatment with CTX alone for 24 h dose-dependently increased the blood glucose level. However, i.c.v. treatment with CTX for 24 h did not affect the blood glucose(More)
BACKGROUND Despite its shortcomings, body mass index (BMI) has traditionally been used to define obesity. Another recently introduced obesity measure, A Body Shape Index (ABSI), has been introduced to focus on abdominal obesity, but its applicability remains limited. We analyzed the statistical properties of the ABSI and propose a modified ABSI, the z-score(More)
BACKGROUND Since the reference value is the core factor of the T-score calculation, it has a significant impact on the prevalence of osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of using the Korean reference value on the prevalence of osteoporosis and on the prediction of fracture risk. METHODS We used femoral neck bone mineral(More)