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Although reduced calcium binding protein (CBP) immunoreactivities in the epileptic hippocampus have been well established, it has been controversial that these changes may directly indicate neuronal degeneration. In the present study, therefore, we investigated CBP expressions in the gerbil hippocampus following treatment with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that blockade of neuronal death in the hippocampus cannot prevent epileptogenesis in various epileptic models. These reports indicate that neurodegeneration alone is insufficient to cause epilepsy, and that the role of astrocytes in epileptogenesis should be reconsidered. Therefore, the present study was designed to(More)
In the present study, we investigated the chronological alterations in SOD1 and its copper chaperone (chaperone for superoxide dismutase, CCS) immunoreactivities and their neuroprotective effects against neuronal damage in the gerbil hippocampus after 5 min of transient forebrain ischemia. SOD1 and CCS immunoreactivities were significantly increased in the(More)
Gastrodin is one of the natural compound isolated from Gastrodia elata and has known anticonvulsant effects, although the exact pharmacological principles of this natural compound and its effects on other aspects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism in vivo have not been explored. Therefore, in the present study, the effects of gastrodin on GABA(More)
Recently we reported that astroglial loss and subsequent gliogenesis in the dentate gyrus play a role in epileptogenesis following pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). In the present study we investigated whether astroglial damages in the hippocampo-entorhinal complex following SE are relevant to pathological or electrophysiological properties of(More)
Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is an important cofactor in a wide range of biochemical reactions, such as the metabolism of various amino acids, including GABA. PLP is synthesized by the oxidation of pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PNP), which is catalyzed by PNP oxidase (PNPO). We observed the changes in cresyl violet-positive neurons, PNPO immunoreactivity and(More)
Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-phosphatase/chronophin (PLPP/CIN) directly dephosphorylates actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin as well as PLP. Although PLPP/CIN plays a role in the regulation of F-actin and vitamin B(6) metabolism, there is no direct evidence to support a correlation between PLPP/CIN and F-actin polymerization during long-term(More)
Febrile seizure (FS) is the most common type of seizure that occurs during early childhood. It has been proposed that atypical FS (prolonged, multiple, or lateralized) results in the development of recurrent complex partial seizures accompanied by Ammon's horn sclerosis or mesial temporal sclerosis, which is the most common of the intractable epilepsy. To(More)
Actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin is a small cytoskeletal protein that is a stimulus-responsive mediator of actin dynamics. ADF/cofilin also translocates into mitochondria and nuclei in response to apoptotic stimuli for cytochrome c release. These ADF/cofilin translocations are negatively regulated by phosphorylation. Recently, it has been reported(More)
In the present study, we investigated site-specific expressions of GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor subunits in the seizure-sensitive (SS) and seizure-resistant (SR) gerbil hippocampus to elucidate the function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor in seizure activity in this animal. There were no differences of the immunoreactivities of GABA(B)(More)