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The present study elucidated the effects of indoleamines (serotonin, melatonin, and tryptophan) on oxidative damage of brain mitochondria and synaptosomes induced either by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or by iron plus ascorbate and on viability loss in dopamine-treated PC12 cells. Serotonin (1-100 microM), melatonin (100 microM), and antioxidant enzymes(More)
TWO VARIANTS OF THE INOSINE TRIPHOSPHATASE (ITPA rs1127354, rs7270101) gene cause ITPA deficiency and protect against the hemolytic toxicity of ribavirin. We investigated the clinical significance of ITPA variants in Korean patients treated with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin. Of the 133 patients, 108 were CC and 25 were non-CC at rs1127354(More)
To evaluate the activity and safety of a combination chemotherapy with epirubicin, cisplatin, and a protracted venous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (ECF) in unresectable or metastatic gastric cancer, a phase II study was performed. Thirty-five chemotherapy-naive patients were given ECF. Epirubicin (50 mg/m(2) intravenous, i.v.) and cisplatin (60 mg/m(2) i.v.)(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) is synthesized mostly in the adrenal gland and is secreted in response to stressful conditions. The stress-induced increase in systemic GC may mediate diverse types of cellular damage. However, the specific effects of GC on the dermal papilla cells (DPCs) of hair follicles remain unknown, although stress-related hair loss has increased(More)
which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Table 1. Grading evidence and recommendations Evidence Notes High quality Further research is very unlikely to change our confidence in the estimate of effect A Moderate quality Further research is likely to have an(More)
Terahertz (THz) technology has emerged for biomedical applications such as scanning, molecular spectroscopy, and medical imaging. Although a thorough assessment to predict potential concerns has to precede before practical utilization of THz source, the biological effect of THz radiation is not yet fully understood with scant related investigations. Here,(More)
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an uncommon genodermatosis that usually occurs in female infants. It is characterized by ectodermal, mesodermal, neurological, ocular, and dental manifestations. The aim of this study was to clarify clinical symptoms, accompanying diseases, and complications of IP. Forty cases of IP have been reviewed by their medical records,(More)
Minoxidil induces hair growth in male pattern baldness and prolongs the anagen phase. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been reported to act synergistically with minoxidil in vivo: they can enhance more dense hair regrowth than either compound alone. We evaluated the effect of minoxidil combined with ATRA on hair growth in vitro. The effect of co-treatment(More)
Recommended by Donal O'Regan We give some subordination-and superordination-preserving properties of certain nonlinear integral operators defined on the space of normalized analytic functions in the open unit disk. The sandwich-type theorems for these integral operators are also obtained. Moreover, we consider an application of the subordination and(More)