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Broiler hatching eggs from two young (30 and 31 wk) or two old (52 and 53 wk) breeder flocks were stored for 3, 7, or 14 d at 18 C and 75% RH while being turned 0, 4, or 24 times per day in two experiments. Apparent fertility and hatchability of total eggs differed with flock age in both experiments, but the effect was greater in Experiment 1. Hatchability(More)
(1) Fertile hatchability was superior from a broiler breeder flock at 29 weeks of age than at 68 weeks of age because of decreased mortality at all stages of embryo development. (2) Eggs that were either turned or not turned during the 0 to 7 d, 8 to 14 d and 15 to 18 d periods in the 8 possible combinations showed that the absence of turning from 0 to 7 d(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluates the in vitro potency, stability and contamination of the fortified ophthalmic antibiotic preparations of cefazolin, vancomycin, gentamicin and tobramycin stored for 4 weeks. The effects of the different solvents and storage temperatures on the antimicrobial potency and stability were also examined. METHODS The fortified stock(More)
The effect of turning angle (from vertical) and the interaction with turning frequency during incubation on fertile hatchability, embryonic mortality, and the incidence of embryos with head in the small end of the egg (malpositioned) was studied in 2 experiments comprising 2 trials each to determine if a turning angle of less than 45 degrees could be(More)
Two experiments, which included 3 incubators, were carried out to investigate the effects of egg weight and position relative to incubator (setter) fan on embryonic mortality, second quality chicks, and fertile hatchability of broiler eggs. Three egg weight groups termed small (approximately 62.4 g), average (approximately 65.4 g), and large (approximately(More)
Hatching eggs from commercial broiler breeder flocks at 34 and 37 wk of age (young) and at 59 and 61 wk of age (old) were stored for 2 d at 18 degrees C and 75% RH and then subjected to turning frequencies of 24 or 96 times daily up to 8, 10, 12, or 14 d of incubation at standard conditions to determine if an increased turning frequency would facilitate an(More)
Two experiments were carried out to examine the interaction of egg storage period, egg position during storage, and turning frequency during subsequent incubation on fertile hatchability and embryonic mortality of broiler hatching eggs. Broiler hatching eggs from breeder flocks at 62 and 60 wk of age were stored for either 3 or 14 d at 18 degrees C and 75%(More)
taining 0.49 to 0.69% Thr in a randomized complete block design using 10 pens with 10 birds each per treatment. New wood shavings were used as bedding. Lighting program, temperature, and other management practices were typical of commercial broiler chicken producers in the local geographic area. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and p<0.05 (Scheffe) was(More)
Hatching eggs from broiler breeder flocks at 37, 41, 59, and 63 wk of age were stored for 1 or 2 d at 18 C and 75% RH and then turned 24, 48, or 96 times per day from 3 to 11 d of incubation. All eggs were turned 24 times per day from 1 to 2 d and 12 to 18 d of incubation. Fertile hatchability was better at 37 and 41 wk of age than at 59 and 63 wk of age(More)
The effects of heating of eggs during storage, broiler breeder age, and length of egg storage on hatchability of fertile eggs were examined in this study. Eggs were collected from Ross 344 male × Ross 308 broiler breeders on paper flats, held overnight (1 d) at 18°C and 75% RH, and then transferred to plastic trays. In experiment 1, eggs were obtained at(More)