Ognjenka M Nadazdin

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To induce mixed chimerism and renal allograft tolerance in cynomolgus monkeys, cyclophosphamide (CP) and total body irradiation (TBI) were compared as part of a nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen. CP induced dose-dependent neutropenia and lymphopenia, but hematopoietic recovery was more rapid than that observed in the TBI group. Absolute B cell counts(More)
The pathogenesis of late renal allograft loss is heterogeneous and difficult to diagnose. We have analyzed renal allografts in nonhuman primates to determine the relationship between alloantibodies and the graft pathology of late graft loss. Seventeen Cynomolgus monkeys were chosen from among those on several protocols for renal allotransplantation with(More)
The development of immunosuppressive drugs to control adaptive immune responses has led to the success of transplantation as a therapy for end-stage organ failure. However, these agents are largely ineffective in suppressing components of the innate immune system. This distinction has gained in clinical significance as mounting evidence now indicates that(More)
We have previously reported successful induction of renal allograft tolerance via a mixed chimerism approach in nonhuman primates. In those studies, we found that costimulatory blockade with anti-CD154 mAb was an effective adjunctive therapy for induction of renal allograft tolerance. However, since anti-CD154 mAb is not clinically available, we have(More)
The relative contribution of direct and indirect allorecognition pathways to chronic rejection of allogeneic organ transplants in primates remains unclear. In this study, we evaluated T and B cell alloresponses in cynomolgus monkeys that had received combined kidney/bone marrow allografts and myeloablative immunosuppressive treatments. We measured(More)
Costimulatory blockade with anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody (aCD154) prolongs allograft survival in nonhuman primates, but has not reliably induced tolerance when used alone. In the current studies, we evaluated the effect of adding CD154 blockade to a chimerism inducing nonmyeloablative regimen in primates. We observed a significant improvement of donor(More)
IL-2 is a known potent T cell growth factor that amplifies lymphocyte responses in vivo. This capacity has led to the use of high-dose IL-2 to enhance T cell immunity in patients with AIDS or cancer. However, more recent studies have indicated that IL-2 is also critical for the development and peripheral expansion of regulatory T cells (Tregs). In the(More)
Renal allograft tolerance has been achieved in MHC-mismatched primates via nonmyeloablative conditioning beginning 6 days prior to planned kidney and donor bone marrow transplantation (DBMT). To extend the applicability of this approach to deceased donor transplantation, we recently developed a novel-conditioning regimen, the "delayed protocol" in which(More)
Despite advances in surgical technique and clinical care, lung transplantation still remains a short-term solution for the treatment of end-stage lung disease. To date, there has been limited experience in experimental lung transplantation using nonhuman primate models. Therefore, we have endeavored to develop a long-term, nonhuman primate model of(More)
While the induction of transient mixed chimerism has tolerized MHC-mismatched renal grafts in nonhuman primates and patients, this approach has not been successful for more immunogenic organs. Here, we describe a modified delayed-tolerance-induction protocol resulting in three out of four monkeys achieving long-term lung allograft survival without ongoing(More)