Learn More
Lipid peroxidation (LPO) product accumulation in human tissues is a major cause of tissular and cellular dysfunction that plays a major role in ageing and most age-related and oxidative stress-related diseases. The current evidence for the implication of LPO in pathological processes is discussed in this review. New data and literature review are provided(More)
The peroxidation of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and of their hydroperoxy metabolites is a complex process. It is initiated by free oxygen radical-induced abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the lipid molecule followed by a series of nonenzymatic reactions that ultimately generate the reactive aldehyde species 4-hydroxyalkenals. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies show that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) increase the insulin secretory capacity of pancreatic β-cells. We aimed at identifying PUFA-derived mediators and their cellular targets that are involved in the amplification of insulin release from β-cells preexposed to high glucose levels. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The content(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus has reached epidemic proportions; therefore, the search for novel antihyperglycemic drugs is intense. We have discovered that D-xylose increases the rate of glucose transport in a non-insulin-dependent manner in rat and human myotubes in vitro. Due to the unfavorable pharmacokinetic properties of D-xylose we aimed at synthesizing(More)
The rate of glucose influx to skeletal muscles is determined primarily by the number of functional units of glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4) in the myotube plasma membrane. The abundance of GLUT4 in the plasma membrane is tightly regulated by insulin or contractile activity, which employ distinct pathways to translocate GLUT4-rich vesicles from intracellular(More)
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Regulation of GLUT4 activity in myotubes by 3-O-methyl-D-glucose" (Shamni et al., 2017) [1]. These data show that the experimental procedures used to analyze the effects of 3-O-methyl-D-glucose (MeGlc) on the rate of hexose transport into myotubes were valid and controlled. The(More)
Membrane phospholipids are the major intracellular source for fatty acid-derived mediators, which regulate myriad cell functions. We showed previously that high glucose levels triggered the hydrolysis of polyunsaturated fatty acids from beta cell phospholipids. These fatty acids were subjected to free radical-catalysed peroxidation to generate the bioactive(More)
  • 1