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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) belong to a class of noncoding, regulatory RNAs that is involved in oncogenesis and shows remarkable tissue specificity. Their potential for tumor classification suggests they may be used in identifying the tissue in which cancers of unknown primary origin arose, a major clinical problem. We measured miRNA expression levels in 400(More)
To study the results of chemotherapy combined with intravesical hyperthermia in patients with mainly BCG-failing carcinoma in situ (CIS). Patients with histologically confirmed CIS were included retrospectively. Outpatient thermochemotherapy treatment was done with mitomycin-C (MMC) and the Synergo® system SB-TS 101 (temperature range between 41 and 44°C),(More)
OBJECTIVE Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) predicts advanced stage disease and decreased survival in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. The predictive value of NLR in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) has not been well studied. We aimed to evaluate whether NLR predicted disease recurrence and(More)
OBJECTIVES Ipsilateral adrenalectomy is traditionally advocated as part of radical nephrectomy performed for renal cell carcinoma. The current study addresses the controversy of whether ipsilateral adrenalectomy should be performed routinely during radical nephrectomy. METHODS A total of 225 patients were treated surgically for renal cell carcinoma over(More)
We describe a 61-year-old patient with primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) arising from the kidney. Despite intensive treatment including surgery, combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy, rapid progression of the tumor was encountered and the patient died within six months with widespread disease. This appears to be the first recorded case of PNET of(More)
INTRODUCTION Superficial bladder cancer can be treated by transurethral resection (TUR) and adjuvant intravesical therapy. Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been proven to be more efficacious with respect to recurrence prevention than intravesical chemotherapy, although at the cost of more severe side effects. There is a need for a new(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the relationship between angiogenesis and various histopathologic features as well as clinical outcome in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS Microvessel density was quantified by using immunocytochemical staining of endothelial cells for factor VIII-related antigen of 36 specimens taken from patients with(More)
CONTEXT Due to the suboptimal clinical outcomes of current therapies for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), the search for better therapeutic options continues. One option is chemohyperthermia (C-HT): microwave-induced hyperthermia (HT) with intravesical chemotherapy, typically mitomycin C (MMC). During the last 15 yr, the combined regimen has been(More)
PURPOSE Despite an initial adequate response many patients with nonmuscle invasive urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder eventually have recurrence after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin treatments. We evaluated the efficacy of combined bladder wall hyperthermia and intravesical mitomycin C instillation (thermo-chemotherapy) in cases of recurrence(More)
BACKGROUND The occurrence of positive surgical margins (PSMs) after partial nephrectomy (PN) is rare, and little is known about their natural history. OBJECTIVE To identify predictive factors of cancer recurrence and related death in patients having a PSM following PN. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Some 111 patients with a PSM were identified from a(More)