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The aim of the present study was to further explore the neuronal mechanisms of face processing in healthy subjects which may help to understand the difficulties experienced by prosopagnosia subjects. A further goal was to compare face specific activation patterns in the right and left occipital face area (OFA) and fusiform face area (FFA) for famous faces,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), fiber degeneration within the corticospinal tract (CST) can be quantified by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) as an indirect marker of upper motor neuron involvement. A new method of measuring quantitative DTI parameters using a probabilistic mixture model for fiber tissue and background in the(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the different patterns of cerebellar and/or brainstem atrophy in spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) type 3 and 6. Eighteen patients (SCA3 n=9, SCA6 n=9) and 15 healthy volunteers were studied. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was applied to segmented grey matter (GM) and white matter (WM) of high-resolution T1-weighted brain(More)
Memory for context information (source memory) has been reported to rely on structures in the medial temporal lobe (MTL). Perirhinal cortex (anterior MTL) and parahippocampal cortex (posterior MTL) have distinct connectivity patterns with sensory neocortex, suggesting a possible modality-dependent organization of memory processes. The present study(More)
For medial temporal lobe (MTL) involvement in memory formation, it is as yet unclear whether the MTL represents a single or dual (recollection/familiarity) memory system. A further controversial issue is whether or not the hippocampus is critical for the familiarity component of recognition memory. The present prospective fMRI study aimed to investigate(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic potential of contrast-enhanced transcranial color-coded real-time sonography (CE-TCCS) in otherwise ultrasound-refractory acute stroke patients with an ischemia in the territory of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Furthermore, correlations of CE-TCCS findings with clinical,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebellar and brain stem atrophy are important features in SCA3, whereas SCA6 has been regarded as a "pure" cerebellar disease. However, recent neuropathologic studies have described additional brain stem involvement in SCA6. We, therefore, aimed to investigate the occurrence and impact of regional infratentorial brain volume(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify spinal cord atrophy and its impact on clinical disability in spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) type 3 and 6. METHODS Atrophy of the upper spinal cord was assessed by high resolution T1-weighted MRI of patients with SCA3 (n = 14) and SCA6 (n = 10). Furthermore, two groups of age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects (n = 24,)(More)
Early signs of brain infarction can be detected by modern CCT technology even within the first 6 h after stroke. Little is known about the prognostic significance of early infarction signs in CCT. We prospectively evaluated clinical and CCT findings of 95 consecutive patients with an acute ischemia in the territory of the middle cerebral artery. All(More)
High-speed filming is one of the most informative methods for assessing voice physiology data. Tracing high-speed images of the glottis provides quantitative parameters such as the glottal area and the glottal width function. By way of example, a number of studies are discussed which extract quantitative data from high-speed images showing voice onsets.(More)