Odile Noizet

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UNLABELLED Beneficial effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) during non invasive ventilation (NIV) has been reported in infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, but no study has analyzed the predictors of its failure. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility of NIV and to determine NIV failure criteria. POPULATION AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES Tidal volume (VT) delivered to infants' airways are overestimated and pressure underestimated when measured in the ventilator and not at the Y piece. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of respiratory system impedance on expiratory VT (VTE) and pressure measurement difference. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Pediatric(More)
INTRODUCTION We conducted the present study to determine whether a combination of the mechanical ventilation weaning predictors proposed by the collective Task Force of the American College of Chest Physicians (TF) and weaning endurance indices enhance prediction of weaning success. METHOD Conducted in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit at a(More)
UNLABELLED Simple clinical markers have poor sensitivity; specificity and predictive value in both infants and adults when predicting the success of weaning from mechanical ventilation. Recently, multi-parametric indices, such as the CROP (Compliance-Respiratory Rate-Oxygenation-Pressure) and the RSB (Rapid-Shallow-Breathing) have been used in adults and(More)
The most common cause of subdural hematomas (SDH) in infants is shaken-baby syndrome (SBS). The pathogenesis and natural history of infantile SDH (ISDH) are poorly documented, because in SBS, the date of shaking is usually imprecise and the assault is often repeated. Victims of traffic accidents (TA) form a study group close to experimental conditions,(More)
INTRODUCTION Two generic paediatric mortality scoring systems have been validated in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Paediatric RISk of Mortality (PRISM) requires an observation period of 24 hours, and PRISM III measures severity at two time points (at 12 hours and 24 hours) after admission, which represents a limitation for clinical trials that(More)
Objective. To report two children admitted to our emergency department with respiratory failure, one for status asthmaticus with pneumomediastinum and requiring mechanical ventilation and the other for high suspicion of foreign body aspiration. Interventions. Bronchoscopy revealed obstructive plugs and permitted their extraction and their identification as(More)
To document in patients with meningococcal purpura fulminans (PF), the effects of a combined supplementation with antithrombin (AT) and protein C (PC) plasma concentrates and to estimate the pharmacokinetics and dose requirements of each inhibitor. Retrospective study of 15 patients. One paediatric and one adult ICU in a university hospital. In addition to(More)
To assess the reproducibility of respiratory dead space measurements in ventilated children. Prospective study. University pediatric intensive care unit. Thirty-two mechanically ventilated children (0.13–15.4 years) who were clinically stable. The single-breath CO2 test (SBT-CO2) was recorded using the CO2SMO Plus from the mean of 30 ventilatory cycles(More)