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The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia in the general population, usually relies upon the presence of typical clinical features and structural changes on brain magnetic resonance imaging. Over the last decade, a number of biological abnormalities have been reported in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of AD patients, in(More)
Cystatin C, a low molecular weight cysteine proteinase inhibitor present in human body fluids at physiological concentrations, is more expressed in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) than in plasma. Mass spectrometric characterization showed that after 3 months of storage of human CSF at -20 degrees C, cystatin C was cleaved in the peptide bond between R8 and L9 and(More)
In this paper we try to identify potential biomarkers for early stroke diagnosis using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry coupled with analysis tools from machine learning and data mining. Data consist of 42 specimen samples, i.e., mass spectra divided in two big categories, stroke and control specimens. Among the stroke(More)
A study of the uncharacterized serum inhibitors of hyaluronidase, first described half a century ago, was undertaken. Activity was measured against bovine testicular hyaluronidase using a microtiter-based assay and reverse hyaluronan substrate gel zymography. The predominant inhibitory activity was magnesium-dependent and could be eliminated by protease or(More)
The Human Proteome Organisation (HUPO) initiated several projects focusing on the proteome analysis of distinct human organs. The Brain Proteome Project (BPP) is the initiative dedicated to the brain, its development and correlated diseases. Two pilot studies have been performed aiming at the comparison of techniques, laboratories and approaches. With the(More)
The definite diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), the most common form of human prion diseases, relies upon neuropathological data usually obtained at autopsy. In living patients, the diagnosis, based on suggestive clinical features and EEG abnormalities, can be aided by the detection of altered levels of isoforms of the 14-3-3 protein in the(More)
During development of ovarian follicles in mammals, cumulus cells and the oocyte form a mucoelastic mass that detaches itself from peripheral granulosa cell layers upon an ovulatory surge. The integrity of this cumulus-oocyte complex (COC) relies on the cohesiveness of a hyaluronan (HA)-enriched extracellular matrix (ECM). We previously identified a serum(More)
Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) is the most popular and versatile method of protein separation among a rapidly growing array of proteomics technologies. Based on two distinct procedures, it combines isoelectric focusing (IEF), which separates proteins according to their isoelectric point (pI), and SDS-PAGE, which separates them(More)
After the success of the mass spectrometry (MS) round table that was held at the first Swiss Proteomics Society congress (SPS'01) in Geneva, the SPS has organized a proteomics application exercise and allocated a full session at the SPS'02 congress. The main objective was to encourage the exchange of expertise in protein identification, with a focus on the(More)
BACKGROUND Sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy can improve glycemic control, compared with multiple daily insulin injections or with insulin pump therapy alone, without increasing the risk of hypoglycemia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A 12-month observational study in patients with type 1 diabetes treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), upon(More)