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The industrial use of uranium, in particular depleted uranium, has pin-pointed the need to review its chemical impact on human health. Global methodologies, applied to the field of toxicology, have demonstrated their applicability to investigation of fine molecular mechanisms. This report illustrate the power of toxicogenomics to evaluate the involvement of(More)
Exceptionally high concentrations of natural uranium have been found in drinking water originating from drilled wells in Southern Finland. However, no clear clinical symptoms have been observed among the exposed population. Hence a question arose as to whether uranium speciation could be one reason for the lack of significant adverse health effects. Uranium(More)
The industrial use of uranium and particularly of depleted uranium, has pinpointed the need to review its chemical impact on human health. A proteomic approach was used to evaluate the response of a human lung cell line (A549) to uranium. We established the first 2-D reference map of the A549 cell line, identifying 87 spots corresponding to 81 major(More)
It has been estimated that more than 1 million workers in the United States are exposed to cobalt. Occupational exposure to 59 Co occurs mainly via inhalation and leads to various lung diseases. Cobalt is classified by the IARC as a possible human carcinogen (group 2B). Although there is evidence for in vivo and in vitro toxicity, the mechanisms of(More)
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are widely used due to their specific properties, like UV filters in sunscreen. In that particular case TiO2 NPs are surface modified to avoid photocatalytic effects. These surface-treated nanoparticles (STNPs) spread in the environment and might release NPs as degradation residues. Indeed, degradation by the(More)
We report here a new detection method for DNA hybrids on dot blots. The process utilizes DNA or oligonucleotide probes labeled with biotin, followed by recognition with a conjugate of streptavidin and europium cryptate, a time-resolved fluorescent label. Unlike the other lanthanide chelates, this label is an organic molecule embedding a europium ion into an(More)
In case of accidental release of radionuclides into the environment, actinides represent a severe health risk to human beings following internal contamination (inhalation, ingestion or wound). For a better understanding of the actinide behaviour in man (in term of metabolism, retention, excretion) and in specific biological systems (organs, cells or(More)
The risk of exposure of workers or populations to materials, such as uranium, of nuclear fuel process origins is a major concern worldwide. Our goal is to improve the knowledge of mechanisms ruling its chemical toxicity, and to search for proteins as potential indicator of effect. Such a marker of internal damage remains to be discovered in the case of(More)
Engineered nanomaterials may release nanosized residues, by degradation, throughout their life cycle. These residues may be a threat for living organisms. They may be ingested by humans through food and water. Although the toxicity of pristine CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) has been documented, there is a lack of studies on manufactured nanoparticles, which are(More)
The toxicity of manufactured fumed silica nanoparticles (NPs) remains poorly investigated compared to that of crystalline silica NPs, which have been associated with lung diseases after inhalation. Amorphous silica NPs are a raw material for manufactured nanocomposites, such as cosmetics, foods, and drugs, raising concerns about their potential toxicity.(More)