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The technical part of these Guidelines and Recommendations, produced under the auspices of EFSUMB, provides an introduction to the physical principles and technology on which all forms of current commercially available ultrasound elastography are based. A difference in shear modulus is the common underlying physical mechanism that provides tissue contrast(More)
The objective of this study was to develop an analytical method to describe the three-dimensional (3-D) geometry of the gastric antrum, gastric fundus and the whole stomach. The Fourier series method was used to simulate the organ surface geometry obtained from a 3-D ultrasound system. Data generated from eight antrums and three whole stomachs, at pressures(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder. In a previous study the total number of endocrine cells in the rectum of IBS patients, as detected by chromogranin A, did not differ from that of healthy controls. While the total endocrine cell content of the rectum appears to be unchanged in IBS patients, changes in particular endocrine(More)
Several abnormalities have been demonstrated in the intestines of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, the endocrine cells in the stomachs of these patients have not been investigated. The aim of the present study was to determine whether there are any abnormalities in the endocrine cells of the stomachs of patients with IBS using(More)
Background and Aim. Chromogranin A (CgA) is a common marker for endocrine cells. The density of duodenal CgA cells is reduced in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Methods. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the density of duodenal CgA as a biomarker for the diagnosis of IBS. Two hundred and three patients with IBS were recruited (180(More)
To the best of our knowledge, stomach antral endocrine cells have not previously been investigated in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Thus, in the present study, 76 patients with IBS were examined (designated as IBS-total). Diarrhoea was the predominant symptom in 26 of these patients (IBS-D), while in 21 patients, the predominant symptoms(More)
The aims of this study were to investigate gastric antral geometry and stress-strain properties by using transabdominal ultrasound scanning during volume-controlled distensions in the human gastric antrum. Seven healthy volunteers underwent stepwise inflation of a bag located in the antrum with volumes up to 60 ml. The stretch ratio and Cauchy stress and(More)
Traditional visualization of real-time 2D ultrasound data is difficult to interpret, even for experienced medical personnel. To make the interpretation during the education phase easier, we enhance the visualization during liver examinations with an abstracted depiction of relevant anatomical structures, here denoted as illustrated ultrasound. The specifics(More)
Note: Also to appear in the Dagstuhl 2012 SciVis book by Springer. Please cite this paper with its arXiv citation information. Abstract Ultrasound is one of the most frequently used imaging modality in medicine. The high spatial resolution, its interactive nature and non-invasiveness makes it the first choice in many examinations. Image interpretation is(More)