Ocatvio Oliva

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Non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections occur in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts and are an increasingly recognized cause of morbidity and mortality. The hallmark of pulmonary mycobacterial infections is the formation of granuloma in the lung. Our study focuses on the role of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a cytoprotective enzyme, in the(More)
Opioid peptides are well established as potent inhibitors of the pituitary-adrenal axis, while alpha 1-adrenoceptor drugs have recently been shown to stimulate this axis: both classes of agents appear to work principally above the level of the pituitary, most probable directly on the hypothalamus. There is also evidence that these drugs interact in their(More)
In attempting to elucidate the neuroendocrine mechanisms that regulate pulsatile growth hormone (GH) secretion, we measured serum GH concentrations by an ultrasensitive immunofluorometric method in blood collected every 10 min for 8 h in 11 young healthy male volunteers (age range 21-31 yr) before and during somatostatin (SS) administration (an iv bolus(More)
There is now considerable evidence that nitric oxide is an important neuroregulatory agent, but there has been very little investigation of its possible role in neuroendocrine mechanisms in humans. We have investigated the effects of two nitric oxide precursors, L-arginine and molsidomine, under basal conditions on the pituitary hormones growth hormone(More)
It has been previously shown that endogenous opioid peptides suppress human ACTH and gonadotropins secretion via hypothalamic mechanism. Since the angiotensin converting enzyme can participate in the metabolism of opioid peptides, this study examined the action of Captopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, on corticotropin and gonadotropin (LH(More)
Exogenous growth hormone (hGH) administration in humans attenuates the endogenous growth hormone (GH) response to some pharmacological stimuli; in particular, pretreatment with hGH completely blocks the serum GH response to growth hormone-releasing hormone. In order to evaluate the mechanism(s) whereby opiods induce GH secretion in man, we gave the(More)
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