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BACKGROUND Surveys still show a wide variation in routine use of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis despite its established place in current patient management. This article reviews the mechanism of action, efficacy and complications of stockings in preventing DVT. METHODS Relevant publications indexed in Medline (1966-1998) and the Cochrane database(More)
Despite the established role of compression as the basis for nonoperative treatment of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), its mechanism of action remains unclear. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) provides continuous noninvasive monitoring of changes in tissue oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) and deoxyhemoglobin (Hb). We applied NIRS to evaluate the effect of graded(More)
METHODS We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting circulating IL-6 in AAA, and new investigations of the association between a common non-synonymous functional variant (Asp358Ala) in the IL-6R gene (IL6R) and AAA, followed the analysis of the variant both in vitro and in vivo. Inflammation may play a role in the development of(More)
INTRODUCTION varicose veins are tortuous and poorly contractile. Their aetiology remains unclear. Neovascularisation has been suggested as a possible explanation. Endothelins are mitogenic, promoting proliferation and migration of endothelial cells via endothelin-B receptors. We hypothesise that endothelial cells and endothelin receptor density and(More)
BACKGROUND Expansive remodelling is the process of compensatory arterial enlargement in response to atherosclerotic stimuli. The genetic determinants of this process are poorly characterized. METHODS Genetic association analyses of inter-adventitial common carotid artery diameter (ICCAD) in the IMPROVE study (n = 3427) using the Illumina 200k Metabochip(More)
UNLABELLED Inflammation and angiogenesis are hypothesized to be important factors contributing to plaque vulnerability, whereas calcification is suggested to confer stability. To investigate this in vivo, we combined CT angiography and PET and compared the findings with immunohistochemistry for patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. METHODS(More)
Spinal cord ischemia (SCI) is a catastrophic complication of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair. This article describes our early experience with a technique for maintaining perfusion of segmental vessels (intercostals and lumbars) in the early postoperative period after endovascular repair of a TAAA, with "sac perfusion branches" added to(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a complex disease with important environmental risk factors and a heritability of approximately 70%. Genome wide association studies have revolutionised the study of complex disorders and offer the potential for innovative insight into disease pathogenesis and development of individualised therapeutic options. This paper(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common disease with a large heritable component. There is a need to improve our understanding of AAA pathogenesis in order to develop novel treatment paradigms. Genomewide association studies have revolutionized research into the genetic variants that underpin the development of many complex diseases including AAA. This(More)