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Nitric oxide is an important regulator of the regional cerebral vascular tone. We compared the magnitude of nitric oxide-related changes in the vascular tone by studying the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and vascular resistance in conscious and isoflurane-anesthetized rats by using a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester(More)
This investigation tested in rats whether MK-801, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, would improve the balance of oxygen supply and consumption in the focal ischemic area of the brain induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. Fifteen minutes after middle cerebral artery occlusion, 5 mg/kg MK-801 was administered intravenously to the(More)
Since cerebral ischemia increases expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and exogenous VEGF can aggravate BBB disruption in cerebral ischemia, we hypothesized that inhibition of endogenous VEGF would attenuate BBB disruption. To test this hypothesis, rats were mechanically ventilated with isoflurane and a craniotomy (5 mm in diameter) was(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the excitatory neurotransmitter receptor agonist, alpha amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA), would worsen cerebral cortical oxygen supply/consumption balance during focal ischemia. In this study, we compared regional cerebral blood flow, arterial and venous O2 saturation, O2 extraction and oxygen consumption(More)
BACKGROUND We performed this study to determine how dexmedetomidine would affect regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and microregional O(2) consumption during nonhemorrhagic normovolemia and during severe hemorrhagic hypotension in rats. METHODS Forty-eight male rats were anesthetized with isoflurane and their lungs were mechanically ventilated. Half of(More)
Because there is a strong correlation between tuberous sclerosis and autism, we used a tuberous sclerosis model (Eker rat) to test the hypothesis that these animals would have an altered regional cerebral O2 consumption that might be associated with autism. We also examined whether the altered cerebral O2 consumption was related to changes in the importance(More)
UNLABELLED beta-Adrenergic receptors are involved in altering cerebral metabolism and blood flow. This study was performed to determine whether propranolol would alter the microregional O2 balance in the brain. Rats were anesthetized with 1.4% isoflurane. Isotonic sodium chloride solution (control group), propranolol 2 mg/kg (low propranolol group) or(More)
BACKGROUND This study was performed to determine whether there is an association between microregional O2 balance and neuronal survival in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion using dexmedetomidine, an α2-adrenoreceptor agonist and a sedative. METHODS Rats were subjected to 1 hour middle cerebral artery occlusion and a 2-hour reperfusion. During reperfusion,(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays an important role in regulating and restricting transfer of molecules into the interstitial space of the brain. Anesthetic agents may affect the permeability of the BBB. In this investigation, the effect of isoflurane on the transport of small hydrophilic molecules across the BBB was studied in rats by measuring the(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of continuous sufentanil infusion (0.71 micrograms.kg-1.min-1 for 14 min) and the response of the power spectrum of the electroencephalogram (EEG) performed during the induction of anaesthesia in 12 patients undergoing CABG surgery. Data were collected at various times including the preinduction(More)