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Radiation-induced toxicity limits the delivery of high-dose radiation to head and neck lesions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of epicatechin (EC), a minor component of green tea extract, on radiation-induced ototoxicity in vitro and in vivo. The effect of EC on radiation-induced cytotoxicity was analyzed in the organ of(More)
The effect of intratympanic steroid injection is controversial as salvage or initial treatment option for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and almost unknown if it is consecutively to use after initial systemic steroids. This study aimed to analyze the efficiency of intratympanic dexamethasone injection (ITDI) as a sequential treatment in the(More)
BACKGROUND Hearing Aids amplify sounds at certain frequencies to help patients, who have hearing loss, to improve the quality of life. Variables affecting hearing improvement include the characteristics of the patients' hearing loss, the characteristics of the hearing aids, and the characteristics of the frequencies. Although the two former characteristics(More)
Nevi, which consist of nevus cells arising from external auditory canals (EACs) and auricles, are rare and their characteristics are not thoroughly understood. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of melanocytic nevus (MN) in EACs and auricles. Medical records were reviewed in 35 cases with junctional, compound(More)
Aminoglycoside antibiotics including gentamicin (GM) induce delayed ototoxic effects such as hearing loss after long-term use, unlike the early-onset ototoxicity caused by cisplatin. The purpose of the study was to identify the mechanism of the delayed GM-induced ototoxicity by exploring the role of autophagy in vitro and in vivo. Treating HEI-OC1 auditory(More)
The incidence of mastoiditis in pediatric age has consistently increased over the last two decades due to increase of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Compared to young patients, occurrence of acute otitis media complications such as acute mastoiditis and subperiosteal abscess is relatively low in adults. Various treatments for acute mastoiditis with(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was designed to evaluate the outcomes of early surgical intervention, and to suggest the accurate operation time and surgical strategies. METHODS A total of 190 cases (144 patients) of PAS excision were classified into 2 groups according to their time of surgery; early intervention group (n = 53), and non-early intervention group (n =(More)
Infratemporal fossa cellulitis is rare and mostly occurs because of sinusitis and dental procedures. Furthermore, cellulitis caused by iatrogenic foreign bodies is very rare. A 28-year-old woman who had previously undergone cosmetic bimaxillary operation visited our hospital complaining of left facial swelling, oppressive pain, and nasal obstruction since 2(More)
Microbial infection is one of the most significant causes of ear diseases, but microbial profiles are very diverse according to the diseases and change over time. The purpose of the study was to clarify differences and chronological changes in causative pathogens among infectious ear diseases over the last 20 years, and to identify antibiotic resistance. In(More)